Browse Items (265 total)

BACKGROUND: Definition and concept of the 'beginning of human life' are weakened by co-existing contrasting hypotheses based on humanistic or religious beliefs rather than scientific foundations. This plethora of conceptually distant views have…

PURPOSE: Neonatal palliative care guidelines increasingly recommend that parents be encouraged to provide care for their dying baby and to spend time with the before and after death. However, little is currently known about how parents perceive such…

BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Worldwide, four million neonate deaths happen annually, and birth asphyxia accounts for one million deaths. Improving…

PURPOSE: Neonatal palliative care becomes an option for critically ill neonates when death is inevitable. Assessing nurses' attitudes towards, barriers to, and facilitators of neonatal palliative care is essential to delivering effective nursing…

BACKGROUND: Many of the leading causes of infant mortality are diagnosed prenatally, presenting providers with the ability to present perinatal palliative care planning as an option. OBJECTIVE: Our study adds to the literature both by describing…

PURPOSE: Perinatal and neonatal palliative care guidelines recommend the provision of photographs and other mementos as an element of care for parents bereaved by neonatal loss. However, little is known about parents' perceptions of such bereavement…

OBJECTIVES: Place of death (POD) is considered a key quality indicator for adult end of-life care, but paediatric evidence is limited. Data from Child Death Overview Panel (CDOP) databases provides an opportunity to describe trends in POD as regional…

Healthcare professionals' psychological involvement in perinatal loss is a largely overlooked subject by healthcare systems, scientific research and prevention policies. A systematic scientific review has been carried out about emotional experiences,…

Objectives: * Recognize how PICUs/NICUs implement GBS IPPC recommendations. * Describe how PICUs/NICUs' resource influence their GBS care provision as related to IPPC recommendations. Original Research Background: Grief and bereavement support (GBS)…

Lived experiences of childhood cancer patients and their families have been described as interrupted and as a loss of normal life. Apart from symptoms due to the cancer disease, families continuously experience burden of treatment. Since coping…

OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical presentation of inborn errors of metabolism in neonatal period and to identify challenges in their management. METHODS: This is a retrospective study carried out in the department of Intensive Care and Neonatal Medicine…

OBJECTIVE: To describe the current status of withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining interventions (LSI) for neonates in Japan and to identify physician- and institutional-related factors that may affect advance care planning (ACP) practices…

Background: NICU length of stay (LOS) data revealed patient outliers with significantly longer LOS and concomitant increased risk of mortality. Baseline data revealed under-utilization of Pediatric Palliative Care (PPC) consultative services in this…

Considerable research has focused on hospitalizations for ambulatory care–sensitive conditions (ACSHs), but little of that research has focused on the role played by chronic disease in ACSHs involving children or youth (C/Y). This research…

BACKGROUND: Although perinatal deaths are still a common pregnancy outcome in developing countries, little is known about the effect perinatal death has on fathers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand and describe the meaning of…

Background: Moral distress and burnout related to end-of-life decisions in neonates is common in neonatologists and nurses working in neonatal intensive care units. Attention to their emotional burden and psychological support in research is lacking.…

Objective: To identify the perception of health professionals about neonatal palliative care. Method: A phenomenological qualitative study, a non-probabilistic sample, of 15 health professionals from a neonatal intensive care unit in northern…

Learning Objectives: Palliative Care (PC) is a scarce resource. Little is known about its allocation among critically ill children. Previously proposed criteria may help identify children who may benefit from PC. Method(s): This is a retrospective…

Context Making end-of-life decisions in neonates involves ethically difficult and distressing dilemmas for healthcare providers. Insight into which factors complicate or facilitate this decision-making process could be a necessary first step in…

The option to donate milk within the context of perinatal palliative care allows pregnant women to be involved in medical decision making before birth. In this article we examine how a perinatal bereavement program engages women and families in the…

OBJECTIVE: To assess the perception of parents concerning the state of comfort maintained in their infants born with life-limiting conditions and treated by a standardized neonatal comfort care program. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were parents (n=35…

OBJECTIVE: To test our hypothesis that an innovative method of early palliative care called "Baby, Attachment, Comfort Interventions" reduces psychological distress in parents of neonates with congenital heart disease. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective…

Objective To explore end-of-life (EoL) decision-making and palliative care in hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) nationwide. Methods A cross-sectional national study on moderate-to-severe HIE in newborns ≥35 weeks’ gestational age in 2015,…

Introduction: The care at the end of children's lives must be sensitive to the needs of the child and their family. An understanding of the illness is required from the perspective of parents faced with the death of their child, in order to improve…

Introduction: Due to epidemiological change, interest in complex chronic conditions has been increasing within the pediatric health system. As such, we aim to evaluate hospital inpatient care in the National Health Service (mainland Portugal) by…

Background: We aimed to explore the shared decision-making context at the limit of viability (weeks 22-25 of gestation) through analyzing neonatologist's communication strategies with parents and their possible impact on survival and…

Background As there was no specialist paediatric palliative care team in the region, we made a successful bid to NHS England's Marginal rate Emergency Threshold (MRET) and Readmission Fund for the Chameleon Project1 in 2018. The project has been…

Aims There is a statutory requirement to review all child deaths in England. The aim of this study is to collate and evaluate child death data from all Child Death Overview Panels (CDOPs) within a single UK region to inform strategic planning.…

Background: The impact of specialty pediatric palliative care (PPC) on intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay for children is unclear. Objective: To estimate the impact of PPC consultation by analyzing ICU stay as a dynamic outcome over the course…

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess Child Death Overview Panel (CDOP) data validity, and cause of death classification, by comparison with information from a local birth cohort study (Born in Bradford, BiB), and another cause of death coding system (causes…

An examination of the policies regarding the care of extremely premature newborns reveals unexpected differences between Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands. Three topics related to decision-making at the beginning and at the end of life are…

Background: Best practice, palliative and end-of-life care (EOLC) enhances symptom management and quality-of-life for individuals who are palliative and dying, and their families. Although Gold Coast Health (GCH) has a dedicated, interdisciplinary…

Introduction: The Children's Hospital of Eastern Switzerland (OKS) is a hospital with 76 beds. A multiprofessional PPC and ethic team was established in 2007. After nine years of intensive development our PPC program reached full size (notification…
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