Browse Items (427 total)

This study characterizes cardiorespiratory dysregulation in young girls with MECP2 mutation-confirmed Rett syndrome (RS). Respiratory inductance plethysmography of chest/abdomen and ECG was obtained during daytime wakefulness in 47 girls with MECP2…

This study was designed to specifically characterize the autonomic phenotype of cardiorespiratory dysregulation during the nighttime in young girls with MECP2 mutation-confirmed Rett Syndrome (RS), studied in their home environment. Computerized…

Purpose There is a paucity of effective long-term medication treatment for secondary dystonias. In situations where significantly impairing secondary dystonias fail to respond to typical enteral medications and intrathecal (or even intraventricular)…

Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is associated with high nutritional demands, esophageal strictures and dysphagia. About one quarter of the patients require gastrostomy tube placement to maintain adequate nutritional status. To…

Objective: Up to 55% of patients with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) experience sleep disturbance. Prior evaluation of children without CdLS with similar intellectual disability and self-injurious behavior suggests that sleep disturbances may be…

BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is one of the most frequent symptoms in children with complex chronic conditions (CCC) requiring palliative care. Although it is a subject of high importance, there has been little research on dyspnea in critically ill children.…

Few studies have examined the extent to which functional hand-use may be taught to girls with Rett syndrome after those skills have been lost. In this investigation, five females with classic Rett syndrome taught to feed themselves using a method of…

Mucopolysaccharidoses are lysosomal storage disorders that are caused by a deficiency in the enzymes that degrade glycosaminoglycans. The accumulation of glycosaminoglycans affects multiple systems, resulting in coarse facial features, short stature,…

Purpose: Early screening and intervention for dysphagia is crucial to offset potential outcomes such as compromised nutrition or reduced respiratory function. Current paediatric dysphagia screening tests are subjective with poor sensitivity and…

Objective: Our objective was to characterize sleep-disordered breathing in 88 children with achondroplasia aged 1 month to 12.6 years. Results: At the time of their initial polysomnography, five children had previously undergone tracheostomy, and…

AimThis cross-sectional investigation aimed to assess the value of non-invasive measures of temporal respiratory-swallow coupling in individuals with ataxic swallowing. MethodTwenty participants (11 males, 9 females; range 9-21y) with ataxia…

Objectives: To determine whether patients with ataxia-telangiectasia exhibit oropharyngeal dysphagia with concomitant aspiration and to examine the relationships among swallowing function, age, and nutritional status. Study design: Seventy patients…

BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystem disorder that includes a range of tuberous sclerosis associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND). The lifetime prevalence rates of TAND are very high; yet surveys suggest that the majority of…

Aim-To investigate breathing rhythm and brain stem autonomic control in patients with Rett disorder. Setting-Two university teaching hospitals in the United Kingdom and the Rett Centre, Sweden. Patients-56 female patients with Rett disorder, aged…

Purpose: Deep brain stimulation is now widely accepted as an effective treatment for children with primary generalized dystonia. More variable results are reported in secondary dystonias and its efficacy in this heterogeneous group has not been fully…

INTRODUCTION: Hand stereotypies (HS) are a primary diagnostic criterion for Rett syndrome (WIT) but are difficult to characterize and quantify systematically. METHODS: We collected video on 27 girls (2-12 years of age) with classic RTT who…

This study explored the safety and efficacy of synthetic melatonin in the treatment of sleep problems in 20 children with developmental disabilities, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 6-week trial of melatonin versus placebo. All but…

Aim of the study: To assess the efficacy and safety of endoscopic balloon dilatation of esophageal strictures in children. Material and methods: Design: retrospective case series; population: 49 patients under 18 years of age referred to our center…

We obtained information about the behavioral, psychiatric, and functional status of 26 children (13 males, 13 females) with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL; mean age 12y 3mo [SD 3y 4mo]; range 6y 9mo to 18y 8mo). Twenty-five children…

BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistant pathogens are a large-scale healthcare issue. In particular, children with life-limiting conditions have a significantly increased risk of multidrug resistant pathogen colonization. Official hygiene requirements…

The Photographs of Meaning Program for pediatric palliative caregivers (POM-PPCG) is an innovative, meaning-based intervention utilizing photovoice and social media components. In 2017, 9 pediatric palliative caregivers participated in this…

Introduction: Pediatric palliative care (PPC) seeks longitudinal relationships with patients facing life threatening conditions. Optimal PPC navigates between both inpatient and outpatient domains thus making the patient’s primary care physician…

Introduction: The care at the end of children's lives must be sensitive to the needs of the child and their family. An understanding of the illness is required from the perspective of parents faced with the death of their child, in order to improve…

Integration of pediatric palliative care (PPC) into management of children with serious illness and their families is endorsed as the standard of care. Despite this, timely referral to and integration of PPC into the traditionally cure-oriented…

BACKGROUND: Home care of children with life-limiting diseases is extremely challenging for parents/family caregivers and their social environment. In order to gain new insights into the perspective of family caregivers, we employed digital Network…

AIM: To develop a core outcome set (COS) for evaluating gastrostomy/gastrojejunostomy tube impact in children with neurological impairment. METHOD: Healthcare providers/researchers and caregivers rated the importance of candidate outcomes on a…

Background: and aim Palliative Care for Children is defined as 'an active and total approach to care, from the point of diagnosis or recognition throughout the child's life, death and beyond'. It is recognised that the prevalence of children with…

The field of hospice and palliative medicine has struggled to define the conditions that are appropriate for palliative care. "Life-threatening" appropriately encompasses lethal conditions and helpfully incorporates the concept of probability, which…

Background: The death of a child can have significant emotional effects on doctors responsible for their care. Trainee doctors working in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) may be particularly vulnerable. The aim of this study was to examine…

OBJECTIVES: Around the world, the PICU is one of the most common sites for hospitalized children to die. Although ensuring the best possible care experience for these children and their families is important, clear recommendations for end-of-life and…

OBJECTIVES: Children with multiple complex chronic conditions (MCCs) represent a small fraction of our communities but a disproportionate amount of health care cost and mortality. Because the temporal trends of children with MCCs within a…

Background Seriously ill children suffer from numerous symptoms at the end of their lives, including pain, anxiety, and restricted communication. There are currently no comprehensive overviews of which health interventions have proven benefits and…

Palliative care services are beneficial for pediatric neurology patients with chronic, life-limiting illnesses. However, timely referral to palliative care may be impeded due to an inability to identify appropriate patients. The aim of this pilot…

BACKGROUND: Parent empowerment is often an expressed goal in clinical pediatrics and in pediatric research, but the antecedents and consequences of parent empowerment are not well established. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to…
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