Browse Items (78 total)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of an electronic version of the Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 score. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Pediatric and cardiac ICUs at a quaternary medical center. PATIENTS: Patients more than 60…

The sleep patterns of a cohort of 83 Rett syndrome females were characterized using a sleep diary for 7 consecutive days and nights and compared with normative sleep data. The mean total sleep time of the cohort was 10.75 h, daytime sleep 0.77 h,…

BACKGROUND: Due to psychological distress and an increased care burden, parents of children diagnosed with cancer may face a higher risk of sickness absence from work. The objective of this study was to examine the association of childhood cancer…

Background: Cancer remains the leading medical cause of death in children. Ensuring quality of life should be a priority, but it may be difficult to stop treatments, particularly in settings where palliative care is scarce. Little is known about how…

OBJECTIVE: Prognostication of survival is difficult in children with life-limiting illnesses because of the rarity of these conditions and technological advances improving survival. The objective of this article is to describe the characteristics of…

PURPOSE: Systematic knowledge about the prevalence and the treatment effects of cancer pain in patients attending a general oncology outpatient department is limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of pain in a large…

OBJECTIVE: To determine the pooled effect of exposure to one of 11 specialist palliative care teams providing services in patients' homes. DESIGN: Pooled analysis of a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 3109 patients…

OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics of family conferences at the bedside vs. the conference room in the PICU. DESIGN: Single-site, cohort survey study. SETTING: Thirty-three bed academic PICU in an urban setting. PARTICIPANTS: Ten PICU physicians…

OBJECTIVE: To identify and illustrate common explicit heuristics (decision-making aids or shortcuts expressed verbally as terse rules of thumb, aphorisms, maxims, or mantras and intended to convey a compelling truth or guiding principle) used by…

OBJECTIVE: Comparing demographic and clinical characteristics associated with receipt of palliative care (PC) among children who died in children's hospitals to those who did not receive PC and understanding the trends in PC use. METHODS: This…

Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has extended the longevity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. However, this has resulted in greater awareness of age-associated diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease…

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize temporal trends in all-cause mortality in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Historically, most deaths in patients with CHD occurred in early childhood. Notable advances have since…

BACKGROUND: The lifespan of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is increasing significantly. The objective of this international pilot study was to study the characteristics of these long-term survivors. METHODS: Four centres with large CF clinics…

OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and causes of death in children on chronic positive-pressure ventilation via tracheostomy. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort analysis of 228 children enrolled in an university-affiliated…

In this retrospective cohort study, a clinical and administrative database of children hospitalized at Primary Children's Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2006, was used to identify those with…

BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterised by an intracellular lipid-trafficking defect with secondary accumulation of glycosphingolipids. Miglustat, a small iminosugar, reversibly inhibits…

BACKGROUND: While there has been a rapid increase of inpatient palliative care (PC) programs, the financial and clinical benefits have not been well established. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effect of an inpatient PC consultation service on costs and…

BACKGROUND: The study of how the quality of pediatric end-of-life care varies across systems of health care delivery and financing is hampered by lack of methods to adjust for the probability of death in populations of ill children. OBJECTIVE: To…

Children with severe neurodevelopmental impairment are at risk for recurrent hypothermia, defined as a temperature of less than 35 degrees C, as a result of hypothalamic dysfunction. Acute pancreatitis following hypothermia from environmental…

BACKGROUND: Empirical data on the changing epidemiology of congenital heart disease (CHD) are scant. We determined the prevalence, age distribution, and proportion of adults and children with severe and other forms of CHD in the general population…

We studied the frequency and consequences of incidental neuroimaging findings in 400 otherwise healthy, nonacute pediatric headache patients through a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis. We excluded patients with currently recommended clinical…

PURPOSE: In the past decade studies have documented substantial suffering among children dying of cancer, prompting national attention on the quality of end-of-life care and the development of a palliative care service in our institutions. We sought…

OBJECTIVE: Mucopolysaccharidosis types IIIA through IIID (Sanfilippo syndrome) are caused by deficiencies of enzymes involved in the degradation of heparan sulfate. The onset and severity of the disease are highly variable. The purpose of this study…

In this prospective longitudinal study with a follow-up of 6 months, the course of serum concentration of C-reactive protein was measured by an ultrasensitive immunoassay in 31 patients with acute lumbosciatic pain and 41 patients with chronic low…

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the natural progression of infantile-onset Pompe disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart reviews of 168 patients with documented acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency and symptom onset by 12 months of age; Kaplan-Meier…
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