Browse Items (25 total)

BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterised by an intracellular lipid-trafficking defect with secondary accumulation of glycosphingolipids. Miglustat, a small iminosugar, reversibly inhibits…

OBJECTIVE: To assess the indications, prescription patterns, effectiveness, and side effects of oral methadone for the treatment of chronic noncancer pain. METHODS: We conducted searches of several electronic databases, textbooks and reference lists…

1. The management of chronic pain should be directed by the underlying cause of the pain. Whatever the cause, the primary goal of patient care should be symptom control. 2. Opioid treatment should be considered for both continuous neuropathic and…

Congenital and acquired forms of osteoporosis in childhood and adolescence can result in morbidity from fracture and pain in childhood, and place an individual at significant risk for problems in adult life. A range of therapies exist for the…

Fourteen patients with severe cancer pain participated in a trial of methadone given in a fixed dose (10 mg) but at intervals selected by the patients themselves during the loading phase. The aim was to achieve rapid pain relief while avoiding the…

BACKGROUND. The short elimination half-life of hydromorphone necessitates 4-hourly dosing to maintain optimal levels of analgesia in patients with chronic cancer pain. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of…

Sleep disorders are common in children with mental retardation and neurologic disorders. Melatonin, a recently developed natural compound, has been used successfully in sleep disorders. I report my experience with melatonin in an open, prospective…

Forty-five children (aged 6-12 yr) undergoing appendicectomy received one of three analgesic regimens using patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine: no background infusion (BO); background infusion 4 micrograms kg-1 h-1 (B4); background…

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical benefits of switching from morphine to oral methadone in patients who experience poor analgesia or adverse effects from morphine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive cancer patients receiving oral morphine…

Traditionally, opioids have been administered as fixed doses at fixed dose intervals. This approach has been largely ineffective. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and upgraded traditional approaches incorporating flexibility in dose size and dose…

Over the last 10 years, there has been a fundamental change in physicians' attitudes toward analgesia and sedation in pediatrics. In this time, basic and clinical research have provided a wealth of information. In this paper we review important…

AIM: To assess the use of methadone in patients with cancer pain who fail to respond to increasing doses of other opioids or experience intolerable side-effects from them. METHOD: Inpatients of a specialist palliative care unit were titrated onto…

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