Browse Items (159 total)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate and type of urinary incontinence in a large sample of children and adolescents with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a genetic disorder characterized by loss of motor function caused by anterior horn degeneration.…

In a single subject design, acupuncture effects on peripheral skin temperature were studied in six children with cold feet associated with cerebral palsy, progressive encephalopathy or Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. Skin temperature was measured at…

The sleep patterns of a cohort of 83 Rett syndrome females were characterized using a sleep diary for 7 consecutive days and nights and compared with normative sleep data. The mean total sleep time of the cohort was 10.75 h, daytime sleep 0.77 h,…

Objective: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has been reported as a feature of children with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS). However, the incidence and severity of OSA with respect to disease type is poorly defined. The aim of the present study was to…

To examine the nature of sleep disturbance in patients with a variant form of late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (CLNS), we studied 12 patients (age range 7-32 years). We used a sleep questionnaire to assess sleep and its disturbances…

Aim-To investigate breathing rhythm and brain stem autonomic control in patients with Rett disorder. Setting-Two university teaching hospitals in the United Kingdom and the Rett Centre, Sweden. Patients-56 female patients with Rett disorder, aged…

The early development of self-injurious behaviour in three young boys (aged 17, 25, and 30 months at start of study) with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome was examined by means of parental interviews and by direct observations completed at 3 to 4 monthly…

This study explored the safety and efficacy of synthetic melatonin in the treatment of sleep problems in 20 children with developmental disabilities, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 6-week trial of melatonin versus placebo. All but…

Patients with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL) often have severe psychiatric symptoms. These are common in their mid-teens and include such symptoms as anxiety and affective and psychotic disorders. The older antidepressants and…

To study the effect of dopaminergic drugs on the parkinsonism in juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, the authors conducted an open study of 21 patients. According to the motor Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) score, treatment was initiated with…

The effective practice of medicine requires narrative competence, that is, the ability to acknowledge, absorb, interpret, and act on the stories and plights of others. Medicine practiced with narrative competence, called narrative medicine, is…

A boy presented at age 3.5 months with joint contractures, restlessness, and pain on handling. His skin was thickened and there were livid-red macular lesions over bony prominences. Infantile systemic hyalinosis (ISH) was diagnosed, a presumably…

Although general principles guiding the transition of individuals with chronic illness from pediatric to adult care have been established, guidelines specific for the transition of individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) have not. To aid in the…

BACKGROUND: Birth defects impose substantial costs on both families and society because of medical, developmental, and special education needs. Caring for children with birth defects also may influence caregiver time and impact the family. However,…

This paper studies test-retest reliability and validity of one measure of adolescent health complaints. The test-retest included an eight-item symptom checklist developed for the survey of Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (n=344). Qualitative…

PURPOSE: Methadone is still regarded as a second line opioid for patients suffering from severe pain, and is rarely used in hospitalized patients. The infrequent use of methadone is probably due to its long plasma half-life that could lead to…

The fear of "choking to death" is on the mind of most patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). So far, however, there have been no systematic surveys concerning the dying phase in a general ALS population. We therefore performed a…

The Delphi technique is an approach used to gain consensus among a panel of experts. This is normally achieved through a series of rounds where information is fed back to panel members using questionnaires. It has been used extensively within social…

The Faces Pain Scale (FPS; Bieri et al., Pain 41 (1990) 139) is a self-report measure used to assess the intensity of children's pain. Three studies were carried out to revise the original scale and validate the adapted version. In the first phase,…

The clinical course of Japanese patients with childhood and adolescent adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) who were treated with Lorenzo's oil after the progression of early symptoms was investigated by Kaplan-Meier analyses. Many of the early symptoms,…

Concerns that high dose opioids and sedatives might shorten patient survival could contribute to insufficient symptom alleviation for terminally ill cancer patients. To examine the effects of opioids and sedatives prescribed in the final 48 hours on…

The classification of diseases affecting white matter has changed dramatically with the use of magnetic resonance imaging. Classical leukodystrophies, such as metachromatic leukodystrophy and Krabbe's disease, account for only a small number of…

OBJECTIVES: To assess adolescents' sources of health care information, explore beliefs about topics which health care providers should address and about those which have been addressed, and identify topics that are embarrassing for adolescents to…

Palliative medicine has developed as a specialized field of practice in recent decades but the focus has been very much on older adults with incurable malignancies. The needs of dying children have not been addressed adequately and the question of…

BACKGROUND: The management of pain in children has advanced enormously in recent years. Pharmacological treatment of pain is complicated however, by the widespread use of unlicensed and off label medicines in the paediatric population, leading to…

This is the third of a series of three articles examining the recent changes in the law in relation to ethics and the practice of paediatric anaesthesia. The review covers, in a practical question and answer format, the topics of consent, research,…

Objectives. The goals of this study were to define the endpoints of pain research that are important to patients with chronic pain and to identify clinical and demographic variables that are associated with patients' choices of endpoints. Patients &…

Output Formats

atom, dcmes-xml, json, omeka-xml, rss2