Browse Items (45 total)

Background: Children with severe psychomotor impairment (SPMI) often experience sleep disturbances that severely distress both the child and his or her parents. Validated questionnaires for the assessment of parents' distress related to their child's…

Objective: Up to 55% of patients with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) experience sleep disturbance. Prior evaluation of children without CdLS with similar intellectual disability and self-injurious behavior suggests that sleep disturbances may be…

Aberrant sleep patterns are commonly experienced by girls with the Rett syndrome. In this investigation, the problematic sleep of three girls with the Rett syndrome was regulated using a bedtime fading procedure with response cost. The treatment…

Previous studies on the characteristics of disturbed sleep/wake patterns in children with the Rett syndrome have yielded inconsistent findings. In the current study, momentary time sampling procedures were used to measure the sleep/wake patterns of…

Sleep disturbances in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities are common and frequently difficult to treat with conventional pharmacological and behavioural methods. Melatonin is a pineal hormone known to be important in the regulation of the…

The sleep patterns of a cohort of 83 Rett syndrome females were characterized using a sleep diary for 7 consecutive days and nights and compared with normative sleep data. The mean total sleep time of the cohort was 10.75 h, daytime sleep 0.77 h,…

The results of a therapeutic trial of the use of melatonin in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex who also have severe sleep problems are reported. We used a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design. Seven patients with…

The electrophysiological features of 3 brothers with the classic form of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) were studied. Two consecutive overnight polygraphic sleep recordings indicated a gross distortion of rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep for all…

Background: Sleep disturbance is part of the behavioural phenotype of the rare genetic condition mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type III. A growing body of evidence suggests that underlying disturbance in circadian rhythm functioning may explain sleep…

Aim: The symptoms of Huntington's disease are well known, yet the symptoms of juvenile Huntington's disease (JHD) are less established due to its rarity. The study examined a cluster of symptoms considered to be common, but under-recognized in JHD:…

We studied the circadian rhythm of serum melatonin levels in two patients with classical Rett syndrome having severe sleep disorders; serum melatonin levels were measured before and during melatonin treatment using radioimmunoassay. Patient 1 had a…

Nine girls with Rett syndrome (mean age, 10.1 years) were monitored 24 hours a day over a period of 10 weeks using wrist actigraphy. Baseline sleep-wake patterns were assessed for 1 week. Subsequently, patients underwent a 4-week melatonin treatment…

Sleep disturbances are prevalent in mucopolysaccharidosis Type III (MPS III), yet there is a lack of objective, ecologically valid evidence detailing sleep quantity, quality or circadian system. Eight children with MPS III and eight age-matched…

Characteristics of sleep and sleep problems were investigated in 43 individuals with 11q terminal deletion disorder (Jacobsen syndrome). Data were collected using a sleep questionnaire. Ten individuals (23%) had a sleep problem. Settling problems,…

The prevalence of sleep problems in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) seems to vary between genetic syndromes associated with ID. Different types of sleep disturbances may indicate underlying causes of sleep problems and these types of…

We examined the psychometric properties of one part of the Sleep Questionnaire developed by Simonds and Parraga (SQ-SP; 1982), a questionnaire that is frequently used to explore sleep problems and behaviors related to sleep in individuals with…

Purpose: The aims of this study were to evaluate sleep difficulties in children with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis and to determine the association between the sleep difficulties and the onset of seizures and loss of vision.Method: We recruited…

The daily rhythms of melatonin, cortisol and body temperature were studied in 16 institutionalized subjects with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The results of 9 subjects with normal daily rhythms of sleep and wakefulness (group 1) were compared with…

To examine the nature of sleep disturbance in patients with a variant form of late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (CLNS), we studied 12 patients (age range 7-32 years). We used a sleep questionnaire to assess sleep and its disturbances…

Background: Very little is known about sleep habits in children with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC). The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate sleep problems in children with ACC and examine the association with quality of…

Sleep disorders are common in NCL patients, The patients have problems such as frequent awakenings, difficulties with sleep onset, nightmares, and night terrors, The aim of the study was to examine whether the sleep disturbance in NCL can be…

Melatonin was tested as a sleeping pill in five patients with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses. The single-blind, placebo-controlled study consisted of motor activity recordings, sleep logs, and administration of placebo or melatonin (2.5 or 5 mg).…

We report a randomized, double-blind, controlled, crossover trial investigating the response to oral melatonin using two dose regimens in patients with sleep disorders associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Eight outpatients with tuberous…

In juvenile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (JNCL), sleep disorders are common. The purpose of this study was to investigate the sleep structure of 28 patients with JNCL compared with healthy controls subjects and to clarify the pathophysiology…

OBJECTIVE: Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by cholesterol synthesis impairment. A host of physical, developmental, and behavioral presentations are associated with SLOS, many of which have been related with…

Sanfilippo syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type III) is the commonest mucoploysaccharidosis. It causes neurodegeneration with often profound sleep and behavioral disturbance. Management of the sleep disturbance is difficult and inconsistent. In this…

AIMS: To determine the incidence, manifestations, and best management of sleep disturbance in Sanfilippo syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type III). METHODS: Families were ascertained through the MPS societies of Australasia, the UK, and the…

This study explored the safety and efficacy of synthetic melatonin in the treatment of sleep problems in 20 children with developmental disabilities, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 6-week trial of melatonin versus placebo. All but…

Previous studies demonstrated the efficacy and safety of prolonged-release melatonin in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental and behavioral disorders. The long-term effectiveness and safety of prolonged-release melatonin treatment were…

Sanfilippo syndrome is a rare degenerative disorder which has severe intellectual and behavioural sequelae, commonly including sleep problems. A parental questionnaire was used to gather information on the sleep patterns of 80 children with…

Overnight polysomnography was performed in 10 subjects with tuberous sclerosis (TS) and partial epilepsy in order to investigate the relationships between sleep organization, sleep disorders and epilepsy. Sleep architecture abnormalities were…
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