Browse Items (237 total)

BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that almost exclusively affects females. In addition to neurodevelopmental regression and loss of hand skills, apraxia, deceleration of head growth, and increasing spasticity and scoliosis, a…

Sleep disturbances in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities are common and frequently difficult to treat with conventional pharmacological and behavioural methods. Melatonin is a pineal hormone known to be important in the regulation of the…

Sleep disordered breathing is a common but under-diagnosed complication causing sleep disturbance and daytime symptoms in children with spinal muscular atrophy. Non-invasive (positive pressure) ventilation is an established treatment of respiratory…

BACKGROUND: To investigate the feasibility of a physical exercise programme with treadmill for persons with Rett syndrome (RS) in order to promote fitness and health. METHODS: A daily training programme on a treadmill was designed for four females…

OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is difficult to control with medical therapy in neurologically impaired children. The gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor agonist baclofen was recently reported to reduce reflux in adult patients…

Grounded theory methods were used to study the experiences of 8 bereaved fathers whose children received care in a home-based hospice program. In-depth, unstructured interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded for themes and categories. Every…

BACKGROUND: Discussing end-of-life issues with terminally ill patients is often considered distressing and harmful. This study was conducted to assess whether interviewing terminally ill patients and their caregivers about death, dying, and…

Approximately 25% of children with cancer die of their disease. Early in the course of a patient's illness, it is often impossible to determine whether the disease will be cured with cancer-directed treatment. When potentially curative therapy is no…

BACKGROUND: Anticonvulsant drugs seem to be useful in clinical practice for the prophylaxis of migraine. This might be explained by a variety of actions of these drugs in the central nervous system that are probably relevant to the pathophysiology of…

BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) can be significantly disabled in terms of their ability to suck, chew and swallow. This can lead to significant impairment in feeding ability and, eventually, to under-nutrition. It can also result in…

Chronic reflex sympathetic dystrophy is a painful, disabling disorder for which no treatment with proven effect is available. We performed a randomized trial in a 2 to 1 ratio of patients, in which 36 patients were treated with spinal cord…

The overall cure rate for cancer in childhood now exceeds 70% and is projected to reach 85% by the year 2010 in industrialized countries. Therefore, major attention is being placed on reducing the side effects of therapy. However, 85% of the world's…

Several studies have been conducted on sibling psychosocial adaptation to cancer in a brother or sister, but little is known on how the long-term adaptation of siblings to the illness develops. The concept quality of life has primarily been applied…

Despite increasing cure rates, cancer is a leading cause of non-accidental death in childhood. Models of psychosocial care in pediatric cancer may therefore need to address bereavement planning for a 'minority group' of parents (approximately 25%)…

A 15-month-old female child presented with sudden onset cough and hyperventilation along with evidence of metabolic acidosis. She had past history of recurrent vomiting, episodes of abnormal posturing, difficulty in deglutition and regression of…

This article has described issues associated with transition planning for youth with CHD. A number of approaches have been described to address the needs of this growing number of youth with CHD. Transition to adulthood has been and will continue to…

OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to, models of care for, and initiatives to improve health care of adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Seventeen health care policy experts were asked to respond to the three objectives through a…

Friedreich's ataxia is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease. We report the case of a 34-year-old man with Friedreich's ataxia and dilated cardiomyopathy who underwent successful cardiac transplantation. To our knowledge, this is the first…

INTRODUCTION: This intervention study examines anxiety and uncertainty in illness in families transferring from intensive care to a general ward. METHODS: The pre-test, post-test design purposively allocated family members to a control (n = 80) and…

Community acquired pneumonia is a common illness with significant morbidity and mortality in children and a high cost to society. Guidelines for management in the UK were issued by the British Thoracic Society in 2002 [Thorax 57 (2002) 1]. This…
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