Browse Items (18 total)

BACKGROUND: Substantial variability exists among countries regarding the modes of death in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). However, there is limited information on end-of-life care in Japanese PICUs. Thus, this study aimed to elucidate the…

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Retrospective studies show that most parents prefer to share in decisions to forgo life-sustaining treatment (LST) from their children. We do not yet know how physicians and parents communicate about these decisions and to…

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine alterations in end-of-life support in a multiinstitutional sample of PICUs., METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive study. Variables collected included end-of-life support category, race, length of stay,…

OBJECTIVES: Professional societies, ethics institutes, and the courts have recommended principles to guide the care of children with life-threatening conditions; however, little is known about the degree to which pediatric care providers are aware of…

Family resistance to withdrawal of life support from children presents difficult issues of clinical practice and of principle. Legal recognition of unilateral physician authority for withdrawal on grounds of clinical "futility"-even in the most…

OBJECTIVE: To facilitate critical decision making and improve satisfaction with care among families of patients in a pediatric intensive care unit. DESIGN: Prospective observational study followed by a nonrandomized controlled trial of a clinical…

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing availability of advance directives, most patients in the intensive care unit lack written directives, and, therefore, consultation with families about treatment decisions remains the rule. In the context of decision…

Dr. Ann Goldman, a palliative care specialist and pediatric oncologist at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children in London, England, describes the pediatric palliative care program she initiated there 14 years ago. Fully integrated within the…

OBJECTIVE: To explore patient-related factors which influence the decisions of pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) caregivers to restrict life-support interventions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A university-affiliated pediatric ICU.…

OBJECTIVE: To describe the attitudes and practice of clinicians in providing sedation and analgesia to dying patients as life-sustaining treatment is withdrawn. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series of 53 consecutive patients who died after the…

OBJECTIVES: The decision to forgo life support is frequently made in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). A group of experts is currently preparing recommendations for guidelines concerning this decision-making process in France. We have performed…

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of selective nontreatment of extremely premature, critically ill, or malformed infants among all infant deaths in a level III intensive care nursery (ICN) and to determine the reasons documented by neonatologists…

PURPOSE: To determine how decisions to forgo life support are made in European pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). METHODS: A multicenter, prospective study, the Eurydice II study, among 45 PICUs: 20 in France, 21 in Northern/Western (N/W)…
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