Browse Items (2122 total)

Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is characterized by developmental delay, postnatal growth retardation, typical facial appearance, and broad thumbs and big toes. The behavioral phenotype of children with RTS has been described as friendly and having…

The occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is achondroplasia has been linked to brain stem compression. Overnight sleep studies (11 subjects) and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP's, 10 subjects) were recorded before and after conventional…

In children with severe generalized recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB), esophageal scarring leads to esophageal strictures with dysphagia, followed by malnutrition and delayed development. We describe a two-step multidisciplinary…

OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate and type of urinary incontinence in a large sample of children and adolescents with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a genetic disorder characterized by loss of motor function caused by anterior horn degeneration.…

OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and validity of forced spirometry in patients with ataxia telangiectasia (A-T). STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-eight patients (aged 3.7-19.3 years) performed spirometry on 47 occasions. Parameters studied were technical…

The purposes of this study were to replicate a recent report of the positive effects of hand splinting on the stereotypic hand movement of children with Rett syndrome and to evaluate the generality of these results to a different setting. Two…

Little emphasis has been accorded to peripheral skin temperature impairments in children with neurological disorders but attention has been paid to the significance of cold extremities (autonomic failure) for well-being and quality of life in adults…

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a simple and reliable method, but there are few data about its use in pediatric forms of neuromuscular diseases (NMD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional effects and…

Self-injury is a defining feature of lesch-nyhan disease (LND) but does not occur in the less severely affected Lesch-Nyhan variants (LNV). The aim of this study was to quantify behavioral and emotional abnormalities in LND and LNV. Thirty-nine…

Hurler syndrome is the most severe form of mucopolysaccharidosis type I. There is a paucity of literature reporting the gross motor abilities of children with untreated Hurler syndrome. The purpose of this case series is to describe the gross motor…

Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is a rare X-linked recessive genetic disorder associated with cognitive impairment, choreoathetosis, hyperuricemia, and the hallmark symptom of severe and involuntary self-mutilation. This study examines data gathered from a…

Aberrant sleep patterns are commonly experienced by girls with the Rett syndrome. In this investigation, the problematic sleep of three girls with the Rett syndrome was regulated using a bedtime fading procedure with response cost. The treatment…

Previous studies on the characteristics of disturbed sleep/wake patterns in children with the Rett syndrome have yielded inconsistent findings. In the current study, momentary time sampling procedures were used to measure the sleep/wake patterns of…

Sleep disturbances in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities are common and frequently difficult to treat with conventional pharmacological and behavioural methods. Melatonin is a pineal hormone known to be important in the regulation of the…

The sleep patterns of a cohort of 83 Rett syndrome females were characterized using a sleep diary for 7 consecutive days and nights and compared with normative sleep data. The mean total sleep time of the cohort was 10.75 h, daytime sleep 0.77 h,…

The use of health-related quality of life scales as outcome measures in clinical trials is increasing. Although such measures have been validated in adults with Friedreich ataxia, they have not been studied in children with this disorder. The…

BACKGROUND: Cornelia de Lange syndrome is associated with abnormalities on chromosomes 5, 10 and X. AIMS: To delineate the behavioural phenotype of Cornelia de Lange syndrome with specific reference to autistic-spectrum disorder. METHOD: A total of…

INTRODUCTION: Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is a neurodegenerative disorder with cerebellar and extrapyramidal features. Interventional and epidemiological studies in AT should rely on specific scales which encompass the specific neurological features,…

The results of a survey given to parents with Sanfilippo syndrome (MPS III) children (n = 30) are described with an emphasis in several areas. Developmental and degenerative patterns are outlined in detail and contrasted with developmental milestones…

Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease of the anterior horn cell with high morbidity rate in childhood. Certain drugs may be of benefit and are in or under consideration for Phase II trials. Outcome measures that are age appropriate and…

The purpose of this multiple baseline study was to examine the effect of bilateral hand splints on the persistent stereotypic hand movements of three adolescent girls with Rett syndrome. Among the most characteristic features of Rett syndrome are…

Previous studies have indicated increased immunoreactivity of the endogenous opioid peptide beta-endorphin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of infants under 2 years of age with apnea. To assess the role of endogenous opioids in the pathogenesis of…

BACKGROUND: There has been limited empirical research into the environmental causes of self-injury in Cornelia de Lange syndrome. The present study examined the variability of self-injurious behaviour in Cornelia de Lange syndrome across…

Sleep disordered breathing is a common but under-diagnosed complication causing sleep disturbance and daytime symptoms in children with spinal muscular atrophy. Non-invasive (positive pressure) ventilation is an established treatment of respiratory…

Sleep disturbances are prevalent in mucopolysaccharidosis Type III (MPS III), yet there is a lack of objective, ecologically valid evidence detailing sleep quantity, quality or circadian system. Eight children with MPS III and eight age-matched…

As previously reported, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a frequent and severe medical complication of Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CDLS). The incidence of GER and the correlation between its presence and degree, and the clinical phenotype of CDLS…
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