Browse Items (78 total)

Background: Assessing the quality of life (QoL) of children receiving end-of-life (EoL) care through evaluations by the children and their bereaved families is challenging; presently, there is no QoL assessment measure that is appropriate for use in…

PURPOSE: Although the bulk of current pediatric palliative care (PPC) services are concentrated in inpatient settings, the vast majority of clinical care, symptom assessment and management, decision-making, and advance care planning occurs in the…

BACKGROUND:: Lack of education and training in palliative care has been described to be one of the most important barriers to pediatric palliative care implementation. OBJECTIVE:: To examine what factors determine the degree of knowledge and level of…

BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that referral to pediatric palliative care reduces suffering and improves quality of life for patients and families, many clinicians delay referral until the end of life. The purpose of this article is to provide a…

Life-limiting conditions in children in specialized pediatric palliative care (PPC) are manifold. The "Together for Short Lives" (TfSL) association established four disease categories, which represent the most common illness trajectories. Better…

INTRODUCTION: Palliative care can significantly benefit children managing a life-limiting illness; unfortunately, services are still generally reserved for end of life. The aim of this project was to demonstrate how established guidelines and…

Pediatric palliative care deals with the physical, psychosocial, and spiritual concerns of patients and their families. And to do this, clinicians must use all the tools at their disposal, including pharmacological and nonpharmacological modalities.…

Introduction: Pediatric palliative care (PPC) seeks longitudinal relationships with patients facing life threatening conditions. Optimal PPC navigates between both inpatient and outpatient domains thus making the patient’s primary care physician…

Introduction: Pediatric palliative care (PPC) programs have grown in size and number at academic children's hospitals in the United States for the past 20 years. Little is known about the relationships between program workforce staffing, billing and…

AIM: To explore and compare acute and long-term care professionals' perspectives about pediatric palliative care. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted in 2016-2017 with professionals from acute (Emergency Department, Intensive Care Unit)…

CONTEXT: Most children living and dying with serious illnesses experience high burden of distressing symptoms. Many seriously ill children and their families do not have access to subspecialist pediatric palliative care (PPC) services nor to…

Background: For children with life-shortening illness, achieving a "good death" can be a tacit goal. There is little understanding of how different stakeholders perceive what a "good death" might be. Objective(s): To review empirical literature to…

Context: All inpatient children receiving pediatric palliative care consults at a free-standing children's hospital.Objectives: To explore the impact of massage therapy on pediatric palliative care patients' symptom burden and medication use pattern,…

Background: Palliative care program service delivery is variable, and programs often lack data to support and guide program development and growth. Objective: To review the development and key features of the National Palliative Care Registry ("the…

BACKGROUND: Volunteers are expected to play a key role in children's hospice. However, there is a lack of information about how to cultivate effective volunteer training programs. OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of a training program on volunteers'…

AIMS: The purpose of this systematic literature review is to describe the interventions for bereaved parents, evaluate intervention effectiveness through study methodology rigor, replicability, and theoretical foundations. METHODS: We searched…

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the benefits and burdens of palliative research participation on children, siblings, parents, clinicians, and researchers. BACKGROUND: Pediatric palliative care requires research to mature the science and…

OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research is pivotal in gaining understanding of individuals' experiences in pediatric palliative care. In the past few decades, the number of qualitative studies on pediatric palliative care has increased slightly, as has…

PURPOSE: This study examined the provision of palliative care and related decision-making in Swiss pediatric oncology settings. The aim was to determine if and when children who died from cancer received palliative care, whether there were…

CONTEXT: Methadone is a long-acting opioid known for its unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Most research on methadone in children is limited to its effect on the prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval. OBJECTIVES: To…

BACKGROUND: The impact of pediatric palliative care (PPC) is well established for children with chronic complex diseases. However, PPC likely also benefits previously healthy children with acute life-threatening conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine…

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:: Children with severe spinal muscular atrophy have complex care needs due to progressive muscle weakness, eventually leading to respiratory failure. To design a care system adapted to families' needs, more knowledge about…

BACKGROUND: Each year approximately 42,000 children die and 400,000 children cope with chronic or life threatening illnesses in the U.S. Improved access to evidence based pediatric palliative care is essential to ease suffering, manage distressing…

Palliative care competencies at the pediatric resident training level expand learned knowledge into behavior. The objective of this study was to investigate mode of palliative care education delivery preferred by pediatric residents and to report on…

OBJECTIVE: This study examines health care provider perspectives about barriers to pediatric palliative care for seriously ill children 15 years after an initial study within the same academic health system. METHODS: Anonymous validated surveys were…

CONTEXT: Implementation of pediatric palliative care as a primary practice relevant for all pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists requires a grounding, shared knowledge. This study reports on the innovative application of a monthly Palliative…

Perinatal palliative care is an emerging area of health care. To date, no published tools assess health-care provider's knowledge and level of comfort in providing such care. A 2-phase study was undertaken to develop and implement a survey to…

BACKGROUND: Education and training for interdisciplinary pediatric providers requires training in principles of palliative and end-of-life (EOL) care. The experiences of bereaved parents can inform and enhance palliative care educational curricula in…

The prevalence of children on long-term ventilation (LTV) at home has increased in many countries. In Italy, there are 4.3/100,000 population younger than 18 years. Pediatric palliative care (PPC) network provides high-level care for these patients.…

BACKGROUND: Legacy-making, actions or behaviors aimed at being remembered, may be one strategy to enhance coping and improve grief outcomes for bereaved parents and siblings. While legacy interventions have been developed and tested in pediatric and…

Despite vast improvements in disease-based treatments, many children live with life-threatening disorders that cause distressing symptoms. These symptoms can be difficult to comprehensively assess and manage. Yet, frequent and accurate symptom…

It is estimated that 6.3 million children who die annually need pediatric palliative care (PPC) and that only about 10% of them receive the attention they need because about 98% of them live in under-resourced settings where PPC is not accessible.…

BACKGROUND: While the importance of pediatric palliative care (PPC) for children with life-threatening illness is increasingly recognized, little is known about physicians' attitudes toward palliative care for children with heart disease. OBJECTIVE:…

OBJECTIVE: Compassion fatigue (CF) is secondary traumatic distress experienced by providers from contact with patients' suffering. Burnout (BO) is job-related distress resulting from uncontrollable workplace factors that manifest in career…

It has been recognized that families of children with life-limiting health conditions struggle with significant financial demands, yet may not have awareness of resources available to them. Additionally, health care providers may not be aware of the…

Editor’s note: This new recurring feature will showcase novel hospital-based programs, innovations, and outreach initiatives that are meeting children’s health care needs in
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