Early Versus Late Outpatient Pediatric Palliative Care Consultation and Its Association With End-of-Life Outcomes in Children with Cancer

Title

Early Versus Late Outpatient Pediatric Palliative Care Consultation and Its Association With End-of-Life Outcomes in Children with Cancer

Creator

Lee A; DeGroote NP; Brock KE

Publisher

Journal of Palliative Medicine

Date

2023

Subject

Palliative Care; pediatric palliative care; Referral and Consultation; advance care planning; end of life; childhood cancer; supportive care; pediatric oncology

Description

Background: There is no consensus on what constitutes "early" pediatric palliative care (PPC) referral within pediatric oncology. Few studies report outcomes based on PPC timing. Objectives: Investigate associations between early (<12 weeks) or late (≥12 weeks from diagnosis) outpatient PPC consultation with demographics, advance care planning (ACP), and end-of-life (EOL) outcomes. Design: Retrospective chart and database review of demographic, disease, visit data, and PPC/EOL outcomes. Setting/Subjects: Deceased pediatric patients with cancer 0-27 years of age seen at an embedded consultative PPC clinic. Measurements: Patient demographics, disease characteristics, PPC/EOL outcomes: timing/receipt of ACP, hospice enrollment, do-not-resuscitate (DNR) documentation, hospital days in last 90 days of life, concordance between actual and preferred location of death, receipt of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at EOL, and death in the intensive care unit. Results: Thirty-two patients received early and 118 received late PPC. Early outpatient PPC was associated with cancer type (p < 0.01). Early PPC (p = 0.04) and ACP documentation (p = 0.04) were associated with documentation of preferred location of death. Early PPC was associated with a preference for home death (p = 0.02). Timing of outpatient PPC was not associated with ACP documentation or other EOL outcomes. In the entire cohort, 73% of PPC patients received hospice, 74% had a DNR order, 87% did not receive CPR at EOL, and 90% died in their preferred location. Conclusions: When using a cutoff of 12 weeks from diagnosis, outpatient PPC timing was only associated with location of death metrics, likely due to high-quality PPC and EOL care among all patients.

Rights

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Citation List Month

2023 SE3 - Oncology

Citation

Lee A; DeGroote NP; Brock KE, “Early Versus Late Outpatient Pediatric Palliative Care Consultation and Its Association With End-of-Life Outcomes in Children with Cancer,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 30, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/19381.