Browse Items (514 total)

OBJECTIVE: We reviewed our decisions about continuation/withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments in a group of critically ill newborns who were discussed in structured medical ethical decision-making meetings, and provide the surviving children's…

OBJECTIVE: A growing multicultural society presents healthcare providers with a difficult task of providing appropriate care for individuals who have different life experiences, beliefs, value systems, religions, languages, and notions of healthcare.…

Emeritus Professor Edward Alan Glasper from the University of Southampton discusses the complexities of care delivery to children in hospital who have life limiting medical conditions.

Nurses are looking beyond parents to provide bereavement support for the wider family

Nurse consultant Michael Tatterton’s research revealed that when a child with a life-limiting condition dies, the grandparents’ ‘unique footprint of grief’ is…

Background: Providing appropriate psychosocial care for parents experiencing the loss of a newborn is crucial. Currently, a number of practices are recommended in perinatal and neonatal palliative care guidelines that are designed to help families to…

Introduction Of the 74% of UK childhood deaths that occur in hospital, an increasing number-up to 65%-occur in PICU. There is little information about the impact of this on those who provide minute-to minute care of the children and their families,…

Introduction. Parents of a child diagnosed with a life-threatening illness often experience the state of cognitive and emotional disorganization. The key factor determining parents-physicians cooperation is the quality of their relations. That is why…

BACKGROUND: Perinatal death is one of the most difficult bereavements due to the shock and profound grief experienced by parents. It has been established that such bereavement has a life-lasting impact. Twin pregnancy is associated with increased…

OBJECTIVE: To determine how parents of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit with a poor or uncertain prognosis view their experience, and whether they view their choices as "worth it," regardless of outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Parents of eligible…

Context: Infants of age less than one year have the highest mortality rate in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics published guidelines for palliative care in 2013; however, significant variation persists among local protocols addressing…

Objective:To assess the perception of parents concerning the state of comfort maintained in their infants born with life-limiting conditions and treated by a standardized neonatal comfort care program.Study Design:Participants were parents (n=35…

BACKGROUND: The influence of socio-economic and religious background on decisions made by parents of children with incurable cancer regarding DNR orders is not fully understood. PROCEDURE: A retrospective analysis of medical charts of patients who…

BACKGROUND: The most common, debilitating morbidity of sickle cell disease (SCD) is vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) pain. Although guidelines exist for its management, they are generally not well-followed, and research in other pediatric diseases has…

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) of the nasolabial fold can be difficult to manage surgically due to functional and cosmetic limitations. Therefore, brachytherapy (BT) has been proposed to improve local control while limiting the volume of…

We report the second family with AIMP1 deficiency, due to a homozygous truncating AIMP1 (g.107248613 C > T) mutation. This female showed early-onset developmental arrest, intractable epileptic spasms, microcephaly, and a rapid clinical course leading…

BACKGROUND: Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) undergo multiple lumbar punctures (LPs) during their course of treatment for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. LP is a stressful and painful procedure, affecting the quality of life of…

OBJECTIVE: To describe development of mobility and self-care capabilities in young children (aged 1-4 years) with cerebral palsy, and to examine whether the development of mobility and self-care capabilities differs by cerebral palsy severity in…

BACKGROUND: Pediatric palliative care (PPC) aims to promote quality of life for children and their families through prevention and relief of physical and psychosocial symptoms. Little is known about how PPC/hospice services impact health care…

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between birth weight percentile and the risk of perinatal death at term in relation to the cause of death. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all term singleton births in delivery units in…

BACKGROUND: Late-onset sepsis (LOS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The ability to predict mortality in infants with LOS based on clinical and laboratory factors at presentation of…

AIM: The aim of the study was to determine survival probabilities and life expectancies for individuals with cerebral palsy based on data collected over a 28-year period in California. METHOD: We identified all individuals with cerebral palsy, aged 4…

AIM: In childhood, severe psychomotor impairment (SPMI) is associated with profound sleep disturbances. With the help of newly developed and validated measures, we systematically assessed how much a child's sleep disturbance affects parental sleep…

OBJECTIVE: To review the work of one tertiary paediatric palliative care service in facilitating planned withdrawal of ventilatory support outside the intensive care setting, with the purpose of developing local guidance for practice. METHODS:…

The authors have undertaken a study to explore the views in non-Western cultures about ending the lives of newborns with genetic defects. This study consists of including active euthanasia alongside withdrawal and withholding of treatment as…

CONTEXT: Approximately 1 in 10 infants require neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization, which causes parental stress. Palliative care (PC) provides an opportunity to alleviate suffering and stress. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the…

UNICEF and the International Children's Palliative Care Network undertook a joint analysis in three sub-Saharan countries-Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Kenya-to estimate the palliative care need among their children and to explore these countries'…

Neonates and babies have the highest death rate in the paediatric population. Perinatal palliative care aims to enhance the quality of life of babies with a life-limiting condition and their families. However, very little data is available on…

BACKGROUND: Children's palliative care is a rapidly developing specialism internationally. Bereavement support is an integral component of children's palliative care but to date little research has investigated the bereavement support that mothers in…

OBJECTIVES: To explore parents' and caregivers' experience, knowledge, and preferences regarding advance directives (ADs) for children who have chronic illness. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional survey of parents and caregivers of…

The fields of pediatric palliative care (PPC) and pediatric medical ethics (PME) overlap substantially, owing to a variety of historical, cultural, and social factors. This entwined relationship provides opportunities for leveraging the strong…

A unilateral do not attempt resuscitation (DNAR) order is written by a physician without permission or assent from the patient or the patient's surrogate decision-maker. Potential justifications for the use of DNAR orders in pediatrics include the…

In this article, the American Cancer Society provides estimates of the number of new cancer cases and deaths for children and adolescents in the United States and summarizes the most recent and comprehensive data on cancer incidence, mortality, and…

Caring for a dying child and the family is one of the greatest nursing challenges. The way in which care is delivered will shape the experience they are about to face. Hope plays a crucial role in helping people cope, and healthcare professionals can…

BACKGROUND: Parents' perceptions of the quality of information communicated by their child's oncologist about the child's cancer are not well understood. PROCEDURE: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 194 parents of children with cancer…

PURPOSE: Synovial sarcoma (SS) often metastasizes to the lung; however, the indications for and outcomes of pulmonary metastasectomy have not been evaluated in pediatric/adolescent patients. METHODS: The records of pediatric patients (age

Pediatric palliative care in Portugal is improving, but there is still additional work to do concerning programs or guidelines for this subject. In Portugal, physicians are the stakeholders in the decision-making process with reference to the…

PURPOSE: To evaluate an end-of-life (EOL) program related to specific outcomes (i.e., number of hospitalizations and place of death) for children with brain tumors. DESIGN AND METHODS: From 1990 to 2005, a retrospective chart review was performed…
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