Clinical and genetic characteristics of Tunisian children with infantile nephropathic cystinosis

Title

Clinical and genetic characteristics of Tunisian children with infantile nephropathic cystinosis

Creator

El Younsi M; Trabelsi M; Ben Youssef S; Ouertani I; Hammi Y; Achour A; Maazoul F; Kharrat M; Gargah T; M'Rad R

Publisher

Pediatric Nephrology

Date

2023

Subject

Child; child; article; controlled study; female; human; male; retrospective study; palliative therapy; preschool child; clinical article; information processing; Only Child; gene mutation; gene; infant; pediatric patient; clinical feature; Fanconi renotubular syndrome; gene deletion; heterozygosity; homozygosity; molecular fingerprinting; prenatal diagnosis; cystinosis/di [Diagnosis]; cystinosis/dt [Drug Therapy]; genetic trait; infantile nephropathic cystinosis/di [Diagnosis]; infantile nephropathic cystinosis/dt [Drug Therapy]; kidney disease/di [Diagnosis]; kidney disease/dt [Drug Therapy]; Tunisian; bicarbonate/dt [Drug Therapy]; bicarbonate/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; calcitriol/dt [Drug Therapy]; calcitriol/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; citrate potassium/dt [Drug Therapy]; citrate potassium/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; CTNS gene; cystine/ec [Endogenous Compound]; exon; founder mutation; genetic analysis; hypothyroidism/dt [Drug Therapy]; mercaptamine/dt [Drug Therapy]; mercaptamine/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; molecular diagnosis; RNA splicing; Sanger sequencing; thyroid hormone/dt [Drug Therapy]; thyroid hormone/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]

Description

Background: Nephropathic cystinosis is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a mutation in the CTNS gene which encodes cystinosin, a lysosomal cystine transporter. The spectrum of mutations in the CTNS gene is not well defined in the North African population. Here, we investigated twelve patients with nephropathic cystinosis belonging to eight Tunisian families in order to analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of Tunisian children with infantile nephropathic cystinosis. Methods: Clinical data were collected retrospectively. Molecular analysis of the CTNS gene was performed by Sanger sequencing. Results: We describe a new splicing mutation c.971-1G > C in the homozygous state in 6/12 patients which seems to be a founder mutation. The reported deletion of 23nt c.771_793 Del (p.Gly258Serfs*30) was detected in a homozygous state in one patient and in a heterozygous compound state with the c.971-1G > C mutation in 3/12 patients. Two of 12 patients have a deletion of exons 4 and 5 of the CTNS gene. None of our patients had the most common 57-kb deletion. Conclusions: The mutational spectrum in the Tunisian population is different from previously described populations. Thus, a molecular diagnostic strategy must be implemented in Tunisia, by targeting as a priority the common mutations described in this country. Such a strategy will allow a cost-effective diagnosis confirmation as well as early administration of treatment with oral cysteamine. A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.

Rights

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Citation List Month

2023 SE5 - Low Resource Setting

Citation

El Younsi M; Trabelsi M; Ben Youssef S; Ouertani I; Hammi Y; Achour A; Maazoul F; Kharrat M; Gargah T; M'Rad R, “Clinical and genetic characteristics of Tunisian children with infantile nephropathic cystinosis,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 20, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/19441.