Finnish children who needed long-term home respiratory support had severe sleep-disordered breathing and complex medical backgrounds

Title

Finnish children who needed long-term home respiratory support had severe sleep-disordered breathing and complex medical backgrounds

Creator

Jarvela M; Katila M; Eskola V; Makinen R; Mandelin P; Saarenpaa-Heikkila O; Lauhkonen E

Identifier

Publisher

Acta Paediatrica

Date

2024

Subject

Child; child; article; cohort analysis; controlled study; female; human; major clinical study; male; retrospective study; palliative therapy; treatment duration; anxiety; comorbidity; Sleep Disorders; tracheostomy; long term care; follow up; Only Child; home care; university hospital; clinical feature; clinical outcome; psychological aspect; central nervous system disease; disease severity; apnea hypopnea index; adolescent; polysomnography; adenotonsillectomy; Down syndrome; infant; onset age; brain tumor; demographics; multidisciplinary team; data analysis software; developmental delay; tonsillectomy; neuromuscular disease; pneumonia; respiratory distress syndrome; craniofacial surgery; asthma; acute respiratory failure; beta adrenergic receptor blocking agent/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; montelukast/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; developmental disorder; aspiration pneumonia/co [Complication]; childhood obesity; continuous positive airway pressure; Finn (citizen); invasive ventilation; noninvasive positive pressure ventilation; sleep apnea syndromes/th [Therapy]; adenoid hypertrophy; angiotensin receptor antagonist/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; automatic positive airway pressure; beta 2 adrenergic receptor stimulating agent/ih [Inhalational Drug Administration]; beta 2 adrenergic receptor stimulating agent/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; brain hypoxia; cardiovascular agent/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; central sleep apnea syndrome/th [Therapy]; choana atresia/su [Surgery]; corticosteroid/ih [Inhalational Drug Administration]; corticosteroid/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; craniofacial malformation; cranioplasty; diaphragm hernia; dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase inhibitor/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; hypoventilation/th [Therapy]; ICD-10; laryngomalacia; Le Fort III osteotomy; lung hypoplasia; mask/am [Adverse Device Effect]; maxilla hypoplasia/co [Complication]; medical device complication/co [Complication]; nasal mask; nose obstruction/co [Complication]; obstructive sleep apnea/th [Therapy]; orthodontic procedure; respiratory care; skin irritation/co [Complication]; Sleep Apnea Syndromes; sleep disorder/co [Complication]; SPSS version 28.00; steroid/pv [Special Situation for Pharmacovigilance]; tonsillotomy

Description

Aim: No studies have described long-term paediatric home respiratory support in Nordic countries. We examined the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of paediatric patients who received continuous positive airway pressure, non-invasive-positive-pressure ventilation and invasive ventilation from a multidisciplinary home respiratory support team. Methods: Retrospective tertiary-level data were collected between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2020 in Tampere University Hospital. These comprised patient demographics, treatment course and polysomnography-confirmed sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Results: There were 93 patients (63.4% boys). The median age at treatment initiation was 8.4 (range 0.11-16.9) years. The patients had: neuromuscular disease (16.1%), central nervous system disease (14.0%), developmental disabilities and congenital syndrome (29.0%), lung-airway conditions (11.8%), craniofacial syndrome (15.1%) and severe obesity (14.0%). More than two-thirds had severe SDB (66.7%) and the most common one was obstructive sleep apnoea in 66.7%. We found that 92.5% received long-term therapy for more than 3 months and the mean treatment duration was 3.3 ± 2.7 years. A non-invasive mask interface was used in 94.7% of cases and 5.3% needed tracheostomy ventilation. More than a quarter (26.7%) achieved disease resolution during the study period. Conclusion: Most children who needed long-term home respiratory support had complex conditions and severe, persistent SDB.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

April List 2024

Collection

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Citation

Jarvela M; Katila M; Eskola V; Makinen R; Mandelin P; Saarenpaa-Heikkila O; Lauhkonen E, “Finnish children who needed long-term home respiratory support had severe sleep-disordered breathing and complex medical backgrounds,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 21, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/19542.