Browse Items (56 total)

Multiple studies among adults have suggested a non-linear relationship between arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO(2)) and clinical outcomes. Meta-analyses in this population suggest that high levels of supplemental oxygen resulting in hyperoxia…

BACKGROUND: Characteristics of critical Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in children is not well understood. This study described the clinical characteristics of children admitted to intensive care units…

OBJECTIVE: In the Netherlands, the threshold for offering active treatment for spontaneous birth was lowered from 25(+0) to 24(+0) weeks' gestation in 2010. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of guideline implementation on survival and causes…

PURPOSE: Currently, several scoring systems for predicting mortality in severely ill children who require treatment in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) have been established. However, despite providing high-quality care, children might develop…

Purpose: Pediatric patients (pt) awaiting heart transplantation (HTX) are among the most fragile patients, even more so when on continuous milrinone infusion or ventricular assist device (VAD). These pt are often in the hospital for very long periods…

INTRODUCTION: Parental socioeconomic status has been proposed to have an influence on childhood cancer mortality even in high-income countries. Our study investigated the influence of parental socioeconomic factors on childhood cancer mortality.…

While the rare occurrence of child loss is accompanied by reduced life expectancy of parents in contemporary affluent populations, its impact in developing societies with high child mortality rates is unclear. We identified all parents in Iceland…

Learning Objectives: Palliative Care (PC) is a scarce resource. Little is known about its allocation among critically ill children. Previously proposed criteria may help identify children who may benefit from PC. Method(s): This is a retrospective…

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of do-not-resuscitate status, assess the epidemiologic trends of do-not-resuscitate status, and assess the factors associated with do-not-resuscitate status in children after in-hospital cardiac arrest using…

Integration of pediatric palliative care (PPC) into management of children with serious illness and their families is endorsed as the standard of care. Despite this, timely referral to and integration of PPC into the traditionally cure-oriented…

Introduction: Due to epidemiological change, interest in complex chronic conditions has been increasing within the pediatric health system. As such, we aim to evaluate hospital inpatient care in the National Health Service (mainland Portugal) by…

Objectives: 1. Describe patterns of pediatric palliative care and care disparities in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients and families hospitalized in the Deep South (Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi). 2. Describe implications for…

Learning Objectives: Social workers (SWs) and chaplains (Cs) support families of PICU cancer patients. Few data describe the activities and impact of SWs and Cs (SWs/Cs) in the PICU. This study examined the activities of SWs/Cs caring for PICU cancer…

Introduction: Advancement in medical science and better health care has led to increased survival of children with complex neurodisability (cerebral palsy, neuromuscular, neuro-metabolic, and genetic disorders). Paediatric palliative care has…

Description: Background: Pediatric palliative care is an interdisciplinary service that works to enhance the quality of life for children with serious illness. Unfortunately, the need for palliative care is difficult to ascertain and is often…

Background: Inpatient hospice care (IHC) for adults in Germany is used in the last weeks of life. Children, adolescents and young adults (ACA) with life-limiting diseases are entitled to 28 days/year of IHC during their lifetime. We explored various…

Emeritus Professor Edward Alan Glasper from the University of Southampton discusses the complexities of care delivery to children in hospital who have life limiting medical conditions.

AIM: The aim of the study was to determine survival probabilities and life expectancies for individuals with cerebral palsy based on data collected over a 28-year period in California. METHOD: We identified all individuals with cerebral palsy, aged 4…

Internal data from the sole pediatric hospice in British Columbia were utilized to investigate mortality trends among children dying from life-threatening conditions. Characteristics of the sample (hospice) were compared to that of the population…

Background: The Centre for Pediatric Palliative Care at the Medical Center of the University of Munich is one of the largest in Germany. Care is provided yearly to 90-100 children with advanced lifelimiting diseases living at home (at a distance of…

BACKGROUND: The study of how the quality of pediatric end-of-life care varies across systems of health care delivery and financing is hampered by lack of methods to adjust for the probability of death in populations of ill children. OBJECTIVE: To…

BACKGROUND: Poor muscular strength has been shown to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality in diverse samples of middle-aged and elderly people. However, the oldest old population (i.e., over 85 years) is underrepresented in such…

Through a focus on one child's extended stay in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, I raise four general questions about pediatric medicine: How should physicians communicate with parents of very sick children? How should physicians involve parents of…

OBJECTIVE: Reported survival after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children varies considerably. We aimed to identify predictors of 1-year survival and to assess long-term neurological status after in- or outpatient CPR. DESIGN: Retrospective…

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of parental bereavement on physical health. We investigated whether the death of a child increased mortality in parents. METHODS: We undertook a follow-up study based on national registers. From 1980 to…

This paper addresses issues relating to place of death in young adults with terminal cancer, through the perspectives of their parents. Evidence suggests that the majority of terminally ill cancer patients would prefer the option of a home death, but…

This article describes how epidemiology may be used effectively to provide hard statistical data upon which to justify and base the development of paediatric palliative nursing services within a defined locality. Through an analysis of mortality data…

The Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) score was developed from the Physiologic Stability Index (PSI) to reduce the number of physiologic variables required for pediatric ICU (PICU) mortality risk assessment and to obtain an objective weighting of…

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a mortality risk predictor based on physiologic data that estimates daily the probability of a patient dying within the next 24 hrs as that probability changes with disease and recovery. SETTING: Nine pediatric ICUs…

Of the 100,000 children who die each year in the United States, close to 15,000 children could benefit from hospice/home care services. This article describes the concept of pediatric hospice care, reviews the Martinson study that was conducted in…

Previous findings have suggested that the loss of a family member is associated with mortality among bereaved family members. The least-studied familial relationship in the bereavement literature is that of siblings, although loss of a sibling may…

The death of a child can have a devastating effect on the family. The pediatrician has an important role to play in supporting the parents and any siblings still in his or her practice after such a death. Pediatricians may be poorly prepared to…
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