Browse Items (17 total)

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a simple and reliable method, but there are few data about its use in pediatric forms of neuromuscular diseases (NMD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional effects and…

A prospective controlled study with repeated measures before and after surgery examined the medical, surgical, and health outcomes of gastrostomy for children with disabilities at a tertiary paediatric referral centre in the North Thames area, UK.…

Undernutrition, growth failure, overweight, micronutrient deficiencies, and osteopenia are nutritional comorbidities that affect the neurologically impaired child. Monitoring neurologically impaired children for nutritional comorbidities is an…

The overall cure rate for cancer in childhood now exceeds 70% and is projected to reach 85% by the year 2010 in industrialized countries. Therefore, major attention is being placed on reducing the side effects of therapy. However, 85% of the world's…

The poor response to hypercaloric feeding in ill adults may be caused by failure to distinguish cachexia from starvation (Table 1). The chief difference between starvation and cachexia is that refeeding reverses starvation but is less effective for…

Cachexia is a syndrome and therefore does not have a specific definition. Patients are characterized by the presence of anorexia, early satiety, weight loss, weakness, anaemia and oedema. These features occur to a variable extent in different…

A prospective, controlled study of nutritional status in 100 newly diagnosed paediatric oncology patients is reported. Results showed that although patients' height-for-age and weight-for-height were normal, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and…

OBJECTIVES: To document the clinical and neurodevelopmental profiles of a cohort of patients with neonatal-onset propionic acidemia and to determine the efficacy of current therapy with respect to outcome. METHOD: The clinical, neurologic, and…

BACKGROUND: Feeding impairment frequently complicates the course of children with neurologic disorders and places them at risk for malnutrition and growth failure. Although feeding abnormalities have been reported in female patients with Rett…

Growth failure and nutritional status were evaluated in 142 children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy, aged between two and 18 years. Linear growth was assessed by upper-arm and lower-leg lengths: both means were significantly reduced. Mean…

Severe neurological handicaps in children are frequently accompanied by growth retardation. We have studied 13 severely neurologically impaired children in an institution to see if their poor growth was related to a low intake of energy and…

This study was undertaken to characterize the current feeding situation and nutritional status of moderately or severely disabled children with cerebral palsy (CP). Thirty-five children with CP (17 with diplegia, 11 with dystonia, 6 with tetraplegia…

OBJECTIVE: To report on acquired experience of metabolic support for children with acute neurological diseases, emphasizing enteral tube feeding usage and metabolic assessment, and also to recommend policies aimed towards improving its…
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