Browse Items (173 total)

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a simple and reliable method, but there are few data about its use in pediatric forms of neuromuscular diseases (NMD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional effects and…

Researchers have argued that individuals who show self-restraint are more likely to show self-injurious behavior (SIB) that is compulsive. Self-injurious behavior, self-restraint, and compulsive behaviors have been described as features of Cornelia…

Sanfilippo syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type III) is the commonest mucoploysaccharidosis. It causes neurodegeneration with often profound sleep and behavioral disturbance. Management of the sleep disturbance is difficult and inconsistent. In this…

BACKGROUND: Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS), a genetic deletion condition with numerous cognitive sequelae, is associated with a high rate of psychiatric disorders in childhood. More recently, VCFS has been identified as a high-risk factor for…

The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and frequency of stereotypy, self-injurious behaviour (SIB), and aggression in children and adults with Cri du Chat syndrome (CCS), and to investigate the relationship between SIB,…

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of hand splints and one elbow restraint on persistent stereotypic hand movements of four girls with Rett's syndrome. Among the most characteristic features of Rett's syndrome are stereotypic hand…

BACKGROUND: As a prelude to establishing a Pediatric Palliative Care Program, we solicited information from families about their experiences and their suggestions for improving the quality of end-of-life care. Participants were English- and…

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if physical functioning is different in female caregivers of children with physical disabilities compared with female caregivers of children with nondisabling medical illnesses, and to investigate the factors associated with…

BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates form part of standard therapy for hypercalcemia and the prevention of skeletal events in some cancers. However, the role of bisphosphonates in pain relief for bony metastases remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To determine the…

BACKGROUND: Insomnia, a subjective complaint of poor sleep and associated impairment in daytime function, is a common problem. Currently, benzodiazepines are the most used pharmacological treatment for this complaint. They are considered helpful for…

We examined 26 individuals with clinical and electron microscopic signs of late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (LINCL). In 22 cases, we found both pathogenic alleles. Sixteen patients exclusively carried either one or a combination of the…

BACKGROUND: It has been debated whether psychological stress causes cancer, but the scientific evidence remains contradictory. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the death of a child is related to cancer risk in bereaved parents.…

BACKGROUND: Earlier studies have yielded inconsistent findings regarding gender differences with respect to burden and depression among informal community caregivers of dementia patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether or…

OBJECTIVES: To identify positive aspects of caregiving and examine how they are associated with caregiver outcomes. METHOD: This study used a national sample of caregivers derived from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (part 2). Two hundred and…

Cachexia, i.e. body wasting, has long been recognised as a serious complication of chronic illness. The occurrence of wasting in chronic heart failure (CHF) has been known for many centuries, but it has not been investigated extensively until…

We studied 42 individuals, including 8 patients with either complete or partial syndrome of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), 8 patients with either complete or partial syndrome of myoclonic…

OBJECTIVE: Reported survival after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children varies considerably. We aimed to identify predictors of 1-year survival and to assess long-term neurological status after in- or outpatient CPR. DESIGN: Retrospective…

Systematic assessment of the effect of clinical research studies on child and parent participants has been limited. Such assessment could provide an empirical basis for the ethical conduct of research, assisting investigators and institutional review…

Recently, two novel highly selective mu-opioid receptor (MOR) agonists, endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2, have been isolated from bovine as well as human brains and were proposed to be the endogenous ligand for MOR. Later, endomorphin-1 and…

Mechanisms that lead to cachexia are still poorly understood. The neurohormonal changes that occur in severe disease states may cause an imbalance between protein synthesis and degradation at the cellular level, followed by muscle wasting. Here, we…

Changes in health care service delivery have resulted in the transfer of care from formal spaces such as hospitals and institutions towards informal settings such as home. Due to the degree of this transfer, it is increasingly important for…

To obtain parents' identification and description of the behaviors, health care procedures and daily living situations associated with pain in children with cerebral palsy (CP), surveys were sent to parents of children with CP recruited via a clinic…

The poor response to hypercaloric feeding in ill adults may be caused by failure to distinguish cachexia from starvation (Table 1). The chief difference between starvation and cachexia is that refeeding reverses starvation but is less effective for…

To determine whether hospital-based palliative care teams improve the process or outcomes of care for patients and families at the end of life, a systematic literature review was performed employing a qualitative meta-synthesis and quantitative…

Improvement in the care of dying hospitalized patients was sought by providing evaluative feedback to individual physicians (n = 46) and nurses in three biannual _Palliative Care Reports._ Hospitalized adult patients (n = 194) for whom _death was…
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