Neurohormonal factors in the development of catabolic/anabolic imbalance and cachexia

Title

Neurohormonal factors in the development of catabolic/anabolic imbalance and cachexia

Creator

Brink M; Anwar A; Delafontaine P

Publisher

International Journal Of Cardiology

Date

2002

Subject

Humans; Animals; Heart Failure; Cachexia/etiology/metabolism; Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism; Biological Markers/blood; Congestive/complications/metabolism; Cytokines/metabolism; Glucocorticoids/metabolism; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism; Renin-Angiotensin System/physiology

Description

Mechanisms that lead to cachexia are still poorly understood. The neurohormonal changes that occur in severe disease states may cause an imbalance between protein synthesis and degradation at the cellular level, followed by muscle wasting. Here, we review actions of angiotensin II, TNF-alpha, corticosteroids, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and the IGF binding proteins, factors that may each contribute to the metabolic imbalance. The complex endocrine, autocrine and intracellular interactions between these factors will be described with examples from patient, rat and cell culture studies. Moreover, some of the data supporting that each of these hormones may directly affect cellular protein degradation mechanisms will be reviewed. Knowledge on these regulatory mechanisms will facilitate the development of new pharmaceutical strategies to treat cachexia.
2002

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Citation

Brink M; Anwar A; Delafontaine P, “Neurohormonal factors in the development of catabolic/anabolic imbalance and cachexia,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 16, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13023.