Browse Items (35 total)

This study describes the minimum incidence of pediatric complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), clinical features, and treatments recommended by pediatricians and pain clinics in Canada. Participants in the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program…

AIMS: To determine the incidence, manifestations, and best management of sleep disturbance in Sanfilippo syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type III). METHODS: Families were ascertained through the MPS societies of Australasia, the UK, and the…

IMPORTANCE: Children, adolescents, and young adults with life-limiting conditions experience various challenges that may make them more vulnerable to mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression. However, the prevalence and incidence of…

In this article, the American Cancer Society provides estimates of the number of new cancer cases and deaths for children and adolescents in the United States and summarizes the most recent and comprehensive data on cancer incidence, mortality, and…

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastrostomy placement has become an integral mechanism for delivering nutritional support to children with severe neurological disability. Its impact on gastroesophageal reflux and mortality remains contentious. We examined the…

AIM: To describe the epidemiology of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in the Nordic countries, to define clinical subgroups and to investigate factors predicting chronic disease. METHODS: A prospective registration was done from 1998 to…

AIMS: To determine the incidence, manifestations, and best management of sleep disturbance in Sanfilippo syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type III). METHODS: Families were ascertained through the MPS societies of Australasia, the UK, and the…

BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of viral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Viral LRTI is a risk factor for bacterial superinfection, having an escalating incidence with increasing severity of…

BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) have been increasingly used in pediatric patients. However, little is known about the incidence and risk of complications when using this device in children with cancer. The purposes…

BACKGROUND: It has been debated whether psychological stress causes cancer, but the scientific evidence remains contradictory. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the death of a child is related to cancer risk in bereaved parents.…

The overall cure rate for cancer in childhood now exceeds 70% and is projected to reach 85% by the year 2010 in industrialized countries. Therefore, major attention is being placed on reducing the side effects of therapy. However, 85% of the world's…

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of parental bereavement on physical health. We investigated whether the death of a child increased mortality in parents. METHODS: We undertook a follow-up study based on national registers. From 1980 to…

Assessing the results of modern cystic fibrosis (CF)-care and estimating the future population and its demography is important to evaluate the treatment regimens and to calculate the future needs of health-care resources. This paper updates previous…

OBJECTIVE: To analyze prospectively the impact of age at diagnosis in childhood idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). STUDY DESIGN: International registry from June 1997 to May 2001, with analysis of data from baseline and 6-month-follow-up…

OBJECTIVE: Mechanical ventilation is a common therapy used in caring for critically ill patients, but its epidemiology is poorly understood. We describe population-based, temporal trends in the incidence, survival, and hospital bed utilization of…

This article describes how epidemiology may be used effectively to provide hard statistical data upon which to justify and base the development of paediatric palliative nursing services within a defined locality. Through an analysis of mortality data…

Medium chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency presents with episodic fasting, hypoketotic hypoglycaemia, and coma. It is known to be potentially lethal, but the outlook for survivors is thought to be good. We reassessed all patients…

The poor prognosis of patients with trisomy 13 has long been accepted and has been ascribed to brain and heart malformations. It has been suggested, however, that the long term survival is better than was previously thought and that cardiac surgery…

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to present selected findings from child psychiatric epidemiology in areas of prevalence and correlates, and discuss issues in interpreting these data and their relevance. METHOD: Selected references were used.…

Neonatal nosocomial infection (NNI) is a major complication of neonatal care, increasing mortality, morbidity and the costs of healthcare. Management of NNI involves attention to many details of care, creating a culture of change within a neonatal…

Context California implemented pediatric palliative care legislations that allowed children to receive curative and supportive care from diagnosis of a life-threatening serious illness in 2010. Palliative care policies may improve access to hospice…

Background: Over 42,000 children die each year in the United States, including many with multiple complex chronic conditions (MCCCs), but little is known about whether the presence of MCCCs influences families to utilize pediatric hospice care.…
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