Neonatal end-of-life care: A single-center NICU experience in Israel over a decade

Title

Neonatal end-of-life care: A single-center NICU experience in Israel over a decade

Creator

Eventov-Friedman S; Kanevsky H; Bar-Oz B

Publisher

Pediatrics

Date

2013

Subject

newborn care; newborn mortality; adrenal insufficiency/ep [Epidemiology]; anemia/ep [Epidemiology]; Article; brain edema/ep [Epidemiology]; brain hemorrhage/ep [Epidemiology]; cause of death; child parent relation; congenital malformation/ep [Epidemiology]; gestational age; Human; Incidence; Israel; Jerusalem; kidney failure/ep [Epidemiology]; Medical Decision Making; Middle East; necrotizing enterocolitis/ep [Epidemiology]; Newborn; newborn death; newborn hypoxia/ep [Epidemiology]; Newborn Intensive Care; newborn sepsis/ep [Epidemiology]; practice guideline; prematurity; priority journal; quality of life; Religion; respiratory failure/ep [Epidemiology]; sepsis/ep [Epidemiology]; shock/ep [Epidemiology]; treatment duration

Description

OBJECTIVES: To follow changes in the causes of neonatal deaths in the NICU at Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel, over a decade; to examine trends regarding types of end-of-life-care provided (primary nonintervention, maximal intensive, and redirection of intensive care, including limitation of care and withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment); and to assess the parental role in the decision-making process given that the majority of the population is religious. METHODS: All neonates who died between 2000 and 2009 were identified. The causes and circumstances of death were Abstract: ed from the medical records. Trends in end-of-life decisions were compared between 2 time periods: 2000-2004 versus 2005-2009. RESULTS: Overall, 239 neonates died. The leading cause of death in both study periods was prematurity and its complications (76%). Among term infants, the leading cause of death was congenital anomalies (48%). Fifty-six percent of the infants received maximal intensive care; 28% had redirection of intensive care, of whom 10% had withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment; and 16% had primary nonintervention care. Over the years, maximal intensive care decreased from 65% to 46% (P < .02), whereas redirection of care increased from 19.2% to 37.5% (P < .0005). An active parental role in the end-of-life decision process increased from 38% to 84%. CONCLUSIONS: Even among religious families of extremely sick neonates, redirection of care is a feasible treatment option, suggesting that apart from survival, quality-of-life considerations emerge as an important factor in the decision-making process for the infant, parents, and caregivers.
2013-06

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

March 2018 List

Issue

6

Volume

131

Collection

Citation

Eventov-Friedman S; Kanevsky H; Bar-Oz B, “Neonatal end-of-life care: A single-center NICU experience in Israel over a decade,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 1, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14589.

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