Browse Items (30 total)

Objectives: Accurate prediction of time to death after withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies may improve counseling for families and help identify candidates for organ donation after cardiac death. The study objectives were to: 1) train a long…

The occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is achondroplasia has been linked to brain stem compression. Overnight sleep studies (11 subjects) and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP's, 10 subjects) were recorded before and after conventional…

RATIONALE: The decision of whether to initiate or forgo long-term ventilation for children can be difficult and impactful. However, little has been published on the information and decisional needs of families facing this decision. OBJECTIVES: To…

BACKGROUND: Substantial variability exists among countries regarding the modes of death in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). However, there is limited information on end-of-life care in Japanese PICUs. Thus, this study aimed to elucidate the…

Objectives Trisomy 18 is presumed to be a lethal chromosomal abnormality; medical management of infants with this aneuploidy is controversial. Our objective was to describe our approach and experience with trisomy 18 infants. Study Design We reviewed…

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the process of end-of-life decision-making in culturally different neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). STUDY DESIGN: Review of medical files of newborns >22 weeks gestation who died in the delivery room (DR) or the NICU…

Withdrawing life-sustaining technologies requires all of the resources and concepts that the field of palliative care has to offer. By learning some fundamental principles of medical management at the time of withdrawal and by mastering a few…

We present a baby with spinal muscular atrophy type 1, an inherited disorder causing progressive weakness, leading to complete paralysis of respiratory, facial and limb muscles. Without intervention, death occurs in infancy due to respiratory…

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the natural progression of infantile-onset Pompe disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart reviews of 168 patients with documented acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency and symptom onset by 12 months of age; Kaplan-Meier…

This report describes the multiple complementary analytic methods used to create a composite evaluation of the benefits of a hospital-based inpatient palliative care consultation service at Montefiore Medical Center in its preliminary phase. We…

Late-onset Pompe's disease (acid maltase deficiency, glycogen storage disease type II) is a slowly progressive myopathy caused by deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase. Current developments in enzyme replacement therapy require detailed knowledge of…

OBJECTIVE: The growing shift toward home care services assumes that "being home is good" and that this is the most desirable option. Although ethical issues in medical decision-making have been examined in numerous contexts, home care decisions for…

BACKGROUND: Advances in paediatric critical care have resulted in increased survival of critically ill patients, many of whom require long-term ventilation as a means of life support. AIM: To determine current trends in resource utilization, and…

OBJECTIVE: Mechanical ventilation is a common therapy used in caring for critically ill patients, but its epidemiology is poorly understood. We describe population-based, temporal trends in the incidence, survival, and hospital bed utilization of…

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly being used in hospitals to treat respiratory failure. The use of NIV with palliative intent in a district general hospital is described and ten illustrative cases where NIV was used in an attempt to…

CONTEXT: End-of-life care is an important yet underdeveloped component of pediatric hospital services. OBJECTIVES: We sought 1) to describe the demographics of children who die in children's hospitals, 2) to describe the prevalence of complex chronic…

OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential role for palliative care services in the care of individuals with muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy, and the support of their families., METHODOLOGY: Semistructured interviews were conducted…

We describe the successful use of methadone in the restoration of sedation and provision of analgesia in two morphine-tolerant, paediatric patients who had suffered significant thermal injuries and were undergoing mechanical ventilation. Both…

OBJECTIVES: To record the number of children with withdrawal symptoms after the administration of sedatives for mechanical ventilation, and to discuss the possible connection with the administration of midazolam. DESIGN: Retrospective data collection…

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