Browse Items (36 total)

Aberrant sleep patterns are commonly experienced by girls with the Rett syndrome. In this investigation, the problematic sleep of three girls with the Rett syndrome was regulated using a bedtime fading procedure with response cost. The treatment…

A prospective, controlled study of nutritional status in 100 newly diagnosed paediatric oncology patients is reported. Results showed that although patients' height-for-age and weight-for-height were normal, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and…

To compare the safety and efficacy of subcutaneous and intravenous infusion of opioid analgesics, a randomised, double-blind, crossover trial was carried out in inpatients. 15 patients with severe cancer pain received two 48 h infusions of…

Beta-endorphin (BE) and cholecystokinin (CCK) were measured in fresh PBMC isolated from human subjects and rats. The BE and CCK PBMC contents increased significantly with age both in human and rat models. Moreover, polyclonal stimulation induced a…

The intensity of sibling grief and the significance of sibling mourning are described in research studies. Yet, nurses caring for dying children may be unaware of these findings and may not offer adequate support to assist siblings in working through…

Alpers disease consists of diffuse cerebral degeneration manifested as developmental delay, seizures, vomiting, and progressive neuromuscular deterioration, with liver disease and death. We report the clinical course of the liver disease, histologic…

Aberrant sleep patterns are commonly experienced by girls with the Rett syndrome. In this investigation, the problematic sleep of three girls with the Rett syndrome was regulated using a bedtime fading procedure with response cost. The treatment…

This study examined factors hypothesized to influence adaptation to chronic pain in 118 patients who were interviewed to gauge adjustment (psychological functioning, medical services utilization, and activity level) and several widely discussed…

This study used the following model of distress: Distress = [Exposure to Stress + Vulnerability]/[Psychological and Social Resources]. The constructs in the model were operationalized as (a) distress in response to caregiver experiences (burden); (b)…

The impact of the deaths of 19 children from malignancy on subsequent patterns of maternal and paternal coping styles was evaluated in a retrospective study of Dutch parents. The parents had been bereaved on average for 19 months. Parental coping was…

We examined differences in stressors and well-being for caregivers who care for a relative with dementia at home and those who had placed their relative in a nursing home. The groups did not differ in depression or somatic complaints, but nursing…

This article describes social work's contribution to hospice philosophy and practice, calls attention to the lack of a distinct social work function on hospice teams, and examines various ways to resolve the problem of social work identity in hospice…

Interest in the management and study of pain in children has increased in recent years. A range of techniques appropriate to children with different developmental levels is now available for the assessment of various aspects of childhood pain. A…

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a mortality risk predictor based on physiologic data that estimates daily the probability of a patient dying within the next 24 hrs as that probability changes with disease and recovery. SETTING: Nine pediatric ICUs…

Four infants with stiff skin and painful joint contractures in the first few months of life are described. Other features included small papules, particularly on the face and trunk, perianal nodules, hyperpigmentation over the metacarpophalangeal…

Forty-five families of children with life-threatening illnesses for up to 10 years were interviewed. The children required many medical disciplines, as well as social, educational and material provisions, and parents described the complex and often…

This is a report of two children who had severe recurrent gastric distension and vomiting, and five who experienced severe gastric distension without vomiting. Two of the five died during an episode of acute gastric distension. All had marked…

OBJECTIVE--To determine parent's views on how death of their children should have been handled. DESIGN--Retrospective questionnaire survey of parents who had experienced death of their child. SETTING--Charitable organisation of bereaved parents.…

OBJECTIVE--To examine the relation between general practitioners' knowledge about their patients and the use of resources in consultations. DESIGN--A cross sectional evaluation of consultations. SETTING AND SUBJECTS--A representative sample of 133…

Although many caregivers place their relative in a nursing home in an attempt to reduce their own burden, caregiving stress often continues after institutionalization. This research examined sources of stress for 66 caregivers who cared for their…

The purpose of this paper was to identify the needs of parents of children with medically complex needs from their own perception. In order to provide in-depth information, the focus group interview technique was used. Several strong recurrent themes…

Implies that the profession of medicine must pursue the relief of suffering. Definition of suffering; Wholeness, person, and self-identity; Purpose; Knowing the suffering of others; Knowledge of others as individuals; Aesthetics.

Opioid peptides appear to be dynamic signaling molecules that are produced within the immune system and are active regulators of an immune response. Furthermore, the receptors for these peptides occurring on immunocyte membranes share characteristics…

The long-term effects of bereavement were assessed 7 to 9 years after death by interviews with 31 adolescent siblings from 21 families who participated in a longitudinal study of home carefor children with cancer. Categorical analysis of the…

The authors explored the long-term consequences for adolescents of surviving a sibling afflicted with cystic fibrosis. Seventy-five adults were interviewed whose siblings had died from cystic fibrosis in the 1960s and 1970s. Subjects were drawn from…

The experience of sibling bereavement is relatively unexamined in the literature; the long-term effects of such an experience have received even less attention. In this study, grounded theory techniques for the analysis of qualitative data were used…

A randomized, double-blind, prospective study was performed to determine the effects of perioperative administration of morphine or methadone on postoperative analgesic requirements and pain scores in 35 children aged 3 to 7 years undergoing major…
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