Browse Items (44 total)

BACKGROUND: The British Association of Perinatal Medicine (BAPM) published a revised framework for perinatal management of extremely preterm infants (EPIs) in 2019. We aimed to assess UK neonatal professionals' interpretation of elements of this…

BACKGROUND: Decisions about treatments for extremely preterm infants (EPIs) born in the 'grey zone' of viability can be ethically complex. This 2020 survey aimed to determine views of UK neonatal staff about thresholds for treatment of EPIs given a…

Objective This study aimed to provide contemporary data regarding provider perceptions of appropriate care for resuscitation and stabilization of periviable infants and institutional resources available to providers. Study Design A Qualtrics survey…

Background: Pediatric palliative care occurs across contexts through the child's illness trajectory, including within the child or young person's community. Interactions with the ambulance service may occur with a child's deterioration, crisis, or…

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinicians are urged to optimize communication with families, generally without empirical practical recommendations. The objective of this study was to identify core behaviors associated with good communication during and…

Background: End-of-life (EOL) care for a child is a high-stakes situation that requires careful planning and practice; there is only one chance to get it right. Additionally, distress is often high in those caring for dying children. Despite the fact…

Backgrounds: Many adult patients with cancer who knowthey are dying choose less intense care. High intensity careis associated with worse caregiver outcomes. Little is knownabout intensity of treatment of end-of-life care in children withcancer in…

Background/objectives: Ethical challenges in pediatric oncology arise at every stage of illness. However, there are sparse data on the content of and reason for ethics consultations in the field. We sought to evaluate the content and characteristics…

OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical presentation of inborn errors of metabolism in neonatal period and to identify challenges in their management. METHODS: This is a retrospective study carried out in the department of Intensive Care and Neonatal Medicine…

OBJECTIVES: Pediatric residents are expected to be competent in end of life (EOL) care. We aimed to quantify pediatric resident exposure to patient deaths, and the context of these exposures. METHOD(S): Retrospective chart review of all deceased…

Objectives: 1. Describe patterns of pediatric palliative care and care disparities in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients and families hospitalized in the Deep South (Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi). 2. Describe implications for…

Background/Objectives: Although Pediatric palliative care (PPC) has developed worldwide with the increasing number of children with serious illness, the concept of Pediatric palliative care is still unfamiliar in Asia. We report on Pediatric cancer…

Background: Cancer remains the leading medical cause of death in children. Ensuring quality of life should be a priority, but it may be difficult to stop treatments, particularly in settings where palliative care is scarce. Little is known about how…

Background: Perinatal Hospice is a relatively new component of pediatric palliative care, which supports families who are expecting the birth of a child with life-threatening or life-limiting condition. Parents in this situation have unique needs and…

Background: In 2013, 23,446 infants died in the U.S.. For infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), advances in medicine have prolonged the lives of many infants who would not have previously survived, resulting in complex…

Background: Our objective was to evaluate children with metabolic diseases in paediatric palliative home care (PPC) and the process of decision-making. This study was conducted as single-centre retrospective cohort study of patients in the care of a…

BACKGROUND: Knowledge about how children die in pediatric hospitals is limited, and this hinders improvement in hospital-based end-of-life care. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all the patients who died in a children's hospital…

Aims & Objectives: To study the epidemiology of deaths in our paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over 5 years, so that we can better understand the dying experience of these patients and improve on palliative care for patients with life-limiting…

Pediatric advance care planning seeks to ensure end-of-life care conforming to the patients/their families' preferences. To expand our knowledge of advance care planning and "medical orders for life-sustaining treatment" (MOLST) in pediatric…

Objectives Among patients successfully resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and admitted to California hospitals, we examined how the placement of a do not resuscitate (DNR) order in the first 24 h after admission was associated…

SummaryAim To quantify any effect of Standardised Order Forms (SOFs), versus hand-written note entries for ‘Do Not Attempt Resuscitation’ – on the selection and survival of remaining cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) attempts. Methods A…

BACKGROUND: Responsible, shared decision making on the part of physicians and patients about the potential use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) requires patients who are educated about the procedure's risks and benefits. Television is an…

Consensus exists that a do-not-attempt-resuscitation order (DNAR) is appropriate if a resuscitation attempt is futile. Less agreement exists when this point is reached. We investigated the influence of three major considerations for in-hospital DNAR…

OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of care at the end of life for children and young adults with life-threatening complex chronic conditions (LT-CCCs) and to compare them by LT-CCC type. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of bereaved parents…

BACKGROUND: Many adult patients with cancer who know they are dying choose less intense care; additionally, high-intensity care is associated with worse caregiver outcomes. Little is known about intensity of end-of-life care in children with cancer.…

Pediatric health care is practiced with the goal of promoting the best interests of the child. Treatment generally is rendered under a presumption in favor of sustaining life. However, in some circumstances, the balance of benefits and burdens to the…

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Objective: To characterize cases of children admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary university hospital who died in the period ranging from January 01, 2012 to July 31, 2014, and who required palliative care and/or were subjected…

Background: Although palliative care (PC) communication skills can be learned through trial and error, pediatric fellows have few opportunities to practice communication, and learning by doing may be harmful for families. Despite these issues and…

Aims An audit of children and young person's advanced care plans (ACPs) in two district general hospitals (centres A and B) against NICE guidance [1]. Methods Centre A: consultants were emailed to identify the population with ACPs. Centre B: two…

AIM: End-of-life care remains part of the scope of practice in all neonatal units. This study aimed to characterise the end-of-life care provided in an Australian tertiary neonatal centre, where paediatric palliative care was accessible via a…
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