Trisomy 18: A survey of opinions, attitudes, and practices of neonatologists

Title

Trisomy 18: A survey of opinions, attitudes, and practices of neonatologists

Creator

Jacobs AP; Subramaniam A; Tang Y; Philips JB 3rd; Biggio JR; Edwards RK; Robin NH

Publisher

American Journal Of Medical Genetics Part A

Date

2016

Subject

Attitude Of Health Personnel; Health Care Surveys; Neonatologists/px [psychology]; Physician Attitude; Practice Patterns Physicians'; Trisomy 18; Trisomy/di [diagnosis]; Adult; Article; Attitude To Abortion; Caucasian; Christian; Chromosomes Human Pair 18; Clinical Practice; Correlation Analysis; Demography; Disease Management; Disease Severity; Family; Female; Fetus Malformation; Human; Humans; Intellectual Impairment; Male; Marriage; Medical Decision Making; Medical Society; Neonatologist; Newborn Care; Normal Human; Outcome Assessment (health Care); Palliative Care; Palliative Therapy; Parental Attitude; Prenatal Diagnosis; Priority Journal; Race Difference; Resuscitation; Survival Rate; Trisomy 18; United States

Description

We conducted a survey-based study of the opinions, attitudes, and management practices of neonatologists across the United States regarding prenatally diagnosed Trisomy 18. The survey was designed based on previously validated surveys of severe fetal anomalies and collected demographic information on participants, as well as their attitudes, and management choices given a series of vignettes beginning in the prenatal period. The survey was sent to 3,143 American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine members of which 409 (13%) completed the survey. While the response rate was rather low, our respondent pool was representative of the national neonatologist population. Respondents were predominately white (81%), married (88%), Christian (54%), had children (86%), and were pro-choice in terms of abortion (68%). Eighty-three percent (83%) of respondents thought that trisomy 18 is a lethal condition and 60% thought that treatment is futile. Seventy-five percent (75%) expected that the best neurodevelopmental outcome in the case of infant survival would be profound intellectual disability. Regarding neonatal care, 95% stated that they would recommend palliative care only. Ninety-five percent (95%) would never recommend or recommend only if asked full code resuscitation for a neonate with full trisomy 18, yet, 44% would comply partially or in full with a full code request for resuscitation measures. The demographic features that correlated most significantly with these responses were clinician race and years in practice. The attitudes toward and management of infants affected with trisomy 18 seem to be largely driven by parental attitudes and wishes. � 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

December 2017 List

Notes

Jacobs, Adam P
Subramaniam, Akila
Tang, Ying
Philips, Joseph B 3rd
Biggio, Joseph R
Edwards, Rodney K
Robin, Nathaniel H

;

Using Smart Source Parsing
( (pp 2016. Date of Publication: 01 Oct 2016

Citation

Jacobs AP; Subramaniam A; Tang Y; Philips JB 3rd; Biggio JR; Edwards RK; Robin NH, “Trisomy 18: A survey of opinions, attitudes, and practices of neonatologists,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 18, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11059.

Social Bookmarking