Paediatric palliative care: Are we doing enough? a retrospective review of deaths over 5 years in an academic tertiary hospital paediatric intensive care unit

Title

Paediatric palliative care: Are we doing enough? a retrospective review of deaths over 5 years in an academic tertiary hospital paediatric intensive care unit

Creator

Ng MCG;Koh PL

Publisher

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Date

2018

Subject

cause of death;palliative therapy;Pediatric intensive care unit;retrospective study;tertiary care center;adolescent;adult;advanced cancer;analgesia;artificial ventilation;cancer patient;Child;conference abstract;controlled study;demography;drug withdrawal;Female;human;inotropism;life sustaining treatment;major clinical study;Male;malignant neoplasm;medical history;medical record;neurologic disease;pediatric patient;resuscitation

Description

Aims & Objectives: To study the epidemiology of deaths in our paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over 5 years, so that we can better understand the dying experience of these patients and improve on palliative care for patients with life-limiting illnesses. Methods The medical records of all patients who died in the PICU from 2012 to 2016 were reviewed. Information including demographic data, past medical history, cause of death, referral to palliative care and use of life-sustaining therapies were collated. Results 81 patients died in the PICU from 2012 to 2016. Most deaths occurred in children aged 11 to 18 years old (31%), with a median age of 14. 69 (85%) patients had pre-existing life-limiting medical conditions, such as cancer and neurological disease. Of the 81 patients, 6 (7%) were known to palliative care services prior to admission and 6 (7%) were referred to palliative care during the admission. In terms of life-sustaining measures, 64 (79%) had invasive ventilation, 60 (74%) required inotropic support and 17 (21%) had cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In those whom death was expected, 59 (75%) patients received analgesia during the last 24 hours before death. 64 (79%) patients died after withdrawal or withholding of life-sustaining measures and 14 (17%) died after unsuccessful CPR. Conclusions Although majority of paediatric patients who died had pre-existing life-limiting conditions, very few were referred to palliative care. More can be done to improve the care of these patients, such as early referral to palliative care and establishment of advanced care plans.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

November 2018 List

Pages

9th Congress of the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies, WFPICCS 2018. Singapore. 19 (6 Supplement 1) (pp 168)-9th Congress of the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies, WFPICCS 2018. Singapore. 19 (6 Supplement 1) (pp 168)

Volume

Conference

Collection

Citation

Ng MCG;Koh PL, “Paediatric palliative care: Are we doing enough? a retrospective review of deaths over 5 years in an academic tertiary hospital paediatric intensive care unit,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 7, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/15622.

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