Illness and end-of-life experiences of children with cancer who receive palliative care

Title

Illness and end-of-life experiences of children with cancer who receive palliative care

Creator

Kaye EC; Gushue CA; DeMarsh S; Jerkins J; Sykes A; Lu Z; Snaman JM; Blazin L; Johnson LM; Levine DR; Morrison RR; Baker JN

Identifier

Publisher

Pediatric Blood and Cancer

Date

2018

Subject

hospice; Child; Palliative Care; death; Life Change Events; artificial ventilation; personal experience; palliative therapy; major clinical study; retrospective study; childhood cancer; hospital patient; Only Child; cohort analysis; cost effectiveness analysis; human; article; child; female; male; controlled study; quality of life; hospitalization; resuscitation; intensive care unit; invasive procedure; experimental therapy; cancer susceptibility; cancer center; data extraction; phase 1 clinical trial

Description

Background: The field of pediatric palliative oncology is newly emerging. Little is known about the characteristics and illness experiences of children with cancer who receive palliative care (PC). Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 321 pediatric oncology patients enrolled in PC who died between 2011 and 2015 was conducted at a large academic pediatric cancer center using a comprehensive standardized data extraction tool. Results: The majority of pediatric palliative oncology patients received experimental therapy (79.4%), with 40.5% enrolled on a phase I trial. Approximately one-third received cancer-directed therapy during the last month of life (35.5%). More than half had at least one intensive care unit hospitalization (51.4%), with this subset demonstrating considerable exposure to mechanical ventilation (44.8%), invasive procedures (20%), and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (12.1%). Of the 122 patients who died in the hospital, 44.3% died in the intensive care unit. Patients with late PC involvement occurring less than 30 days before death had higher odds of dying in the intensive care unit over the home/hospice setting compared to those with earlier PC involvement (OR: 4.7, 95% CI: 2.47-8.97, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Children with cancer who receive PC experience a high burden of intensive treatments and often die in inpatient intensive care settings. Delayed PC involvement is associated with increased odds of dying in the intensive care unit. Prospective investigation of early PC involvement in children with high-risk cancer is needed to better understand potential impacts on cost-effectiveness, quality of life, and delivery of goal concordant care.

Citation List Month

Oncology 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Kaye EC; Gushue CA; DeMarsh S; Jerkins J; Sykes A; Lu Z; Snaman JM; Blazin L; Johnson LM; Levine DR; Morrison RR; Baker JN, “Illness and end-of-life experiences of children with cancer who receive palliative care,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 6, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16064.

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