Clinical use of methadone

Title

Clinical use of methadone

Creator

Layson-Wolf C; Goode JV; Small RE

Publisher

Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy

Date

2002

Subject

Humans; Analgesics; Drug Interactions; Therapeutic Equivalency; Half-Life; Drug Administration Schedule; Pain/drug therapy; Receptors; Biological Availability; Opioid/adverse effects/pharmacokinetics/therapeutic use; Dosage Forms; Kidney Diseases/metabolism; Liver Diseases/metabolism; Methadone/adverse effects/pharmacokinetics/therapeutic use; Opioid-Related Disorders/drug therapy; Opioid/agonists; Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/etiology

Description

Methadone hydrochloride is a mu-opioid agonist that has been used for the treatment of pain and for the management and maintenance of opioid withdrawal for over 50 years. Several characteristics make methadone a useful drug. However, these same characteristics and wide interpatient variability can make methadone difficult to use safely. A MEDLINE search was conducted on publications between January 1996 and May 2001 to identify literature relevant to this subject. Those publications were reviewed, and from them, other literature was identified and reviewed. Published studies demonstrate methadone's efficacy in pain management and in opioid withdrawal. However, interpatient variability in pharmacokinetic variables of methadone produces difficulties in developing guidelines for methadone use. Clinicians should not be deterred from use of this drug which has been shown to benefit patients in both pain management and methadone maintenance, but an individualized patient approach must be taken to use methadone safely.
2002

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

29-59

Issue

1

Volume

16

Citation

Layson-Wolf C; Goode JV; Small RE, “Clinical use of methadone,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 18, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12879.

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