Development and preliminary validation of the 'Mind the Gap' scale to assess satisfaction with transitional health care among adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Title

Development and preliminary validation of the 'Mind the Gap' scale to assess satisfaction with transitional health care among adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Creator

Shaw KL; Southwood TR; McDonagh JE; British Society of Paediatric; Adolescent Rheumatology

Publisher

Child: Care, Health And Development

Date

2007

Subject

Child; Humans; Cohort Studies; Great Britain; Adult; Parents; Questionnaires; Aged; Middle Aged; Patient Satisfaction; Sickness Impact Profile; quality of life; adolescent; Arthritis; Adolescent Transitions; Continuity of Patient Care/organization & administration; Adolescent Health Services/organization & administration; Chronic Disease/psychology; Juvenile Rheumatoid/psychology/rehabilitation; Self Care/methods

Description

BACKGROUND: To develop a scale to assess satisfaction with transitional health care among adolescents with a chronic illness and their parents. METHODS: The 'Mind the Gap' scale was developed using evidence from a previous needs assessment, in three stages: (1) definition of the construct; (2) design of the scale items, response options and instructions; (3) full administration of the scale, item analysis and dimensionality analysis. The scale was administered to 308 adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and 303 parents/guardians, prior to and 12 months after the implementation of an evaluation of a structured and co-ordinated programme of transitional care. The patient population involved adolescents with JIA and their parents recruited from 10 major UK rheumatology centres. RESULTS: A total of 301 (97.7%) adolescents and 286 (95.0%) parents chose to complete the questionnaire, with median item completion rates of 100.0% (0-100%) for both adolescents and parents thus confirming feasibility. Face and content validity were confirmed. Factor analyses revealed a three-factor structure which explained 49.5% and 56.1% of the variation in adolescent and parent scores respectively. The internal consistency of each subscale ('management of environment', 'provider characteristics' and 'process issues') was indicated by Cronbach's alphas of 0.71, 0.89 and 0.89 for adolescents, respectively, and 0.83, 0.91 and 0.92 for parents respectively. Cronbach's alphas for the entire scales were 0.91 and 0.94 for the adolescent and parent forms respectively. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results report the potential of the 'Mind the Gap' scale in evaluating transitional care for adolescents with JIA. In view of the generic nature of transitional care reflected in the scale, this scale has wider potential for use with adolescents with other chronic illness in view of the generic nature of transition. This development is particularly timely in the context of transitional care developments in the UK and further validation of the scale is in progress.
2007

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

380-388

Issue

4

Volume

33

Citation

Shaw KL; Southwood TR; McDonagh JE; British Society of Paediatric; Adolescent Rheumatology, “Development and preliminary validation of the 'Mind the Gap' scale to assess satisfaction with transitional health care among adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 21, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14179.

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