Browse Items (410 total)

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess Child Death Overview Panel (CDOP) data validity, and cause of death classification, by comparison with information from a local birth cohort study (Born in Bradford, BiB), and another cause of death coding system (causes…

Education is integral to the development of children's palliative care (CPC) globally; thus, the International Children's Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) developed a training programme including face-to-face and e-learning programmes to increase…

An examination of the policies regarding the care of extremely premature newborns reveals unexpected differences between Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands. Three topics related to decision-making at the beginning and at the end of life are…

Introduction: Adolescents with cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and heart transplant (CMHF/HTx) are at risk of life-changing complications and premature death. The importance of advance care planning (ACP) in pediatric patients with HIV and cancer has…

Objective: To assess changes in attitudes of neonatologists regarding the care of extremely preterm infants and parental involvement over the last 20 years. Study design: Internet-based survey (2016) involving 170 tertiary neonatal intensive care…

OBJECTIVE: To describe the perceptions of caregivers of children with medical complexity (CMC) about their decision to pursue tracheostomy for their children, in particular the satisfaction with their decision. STUDY DESIGN: In this qualitative study…

When healthcare professionals feel constrained from acting in a patient's best interests, moral distress ensues. The resulting negative sequelae of burnout, poor retention rates, and ultimately poor patient care are well recognized across healthcare…

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Test of Ethics Knowledge in Neonatology (TEK-Neo) with good internal consistency reliability, item performance, and construct validity that reliably assesses interprofessional staff and trainee knowledge of…

Two million children experience sibling death annually and have problems that require clinical intervention although few receive such help. Effects on surviving siblings' mental health has been well documented, however their physical health has not.…

Parents whose child is diagnosed with a serious disease such as trisomy 18 first rely on the medical community for an accurate description and prognosis. In the case of trisomy 18, however, many families are told the disease is "incompatible with…

PURPOSE: This study aimed (1) to examine the current status of psychological distress experienced by neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses in supporting bereaved families, (2) to identify the factors associated with psychological distress, and…

Background Government policy identifies home as the preferred place of death (PPOD) for children and young people (CYP) and suggests a home death as an indicator of the quality of care. A recent systematic review found a lack of compelling evidence…

Background Research ethics committees (RECs) are identified as one of the biggest barriers to research with vulnerable populations, such as children and young people with life-limiting conditions or life-threatening illnesses (CYP with LLC/LTI).…

Palliative care is recognized as an important component of care for children with cancer and other life-limiting conditions. In resource limited settings, palliative care is a key component of care for children with cancer and other life-limiting…

PURPOSE: We explored pediatricians' practices and attitudes concerning end-of-life discussions (EOLds) with pediatric patients with cancer, and identified the determinants of pediatricians' positive attitude toward having EOLds with pediatric…

Background/Objectives: Despite the dramatically improved outcomes for pediatric cancer patients, cancer is the leading cause of death in Taiwan, accounting for 21.8% of death in 2014. The pediatric end-of-life (EOF) care has not been extensively…

Background/Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to describe the lived experience of parents with a child with incurable cancer at the end of life (EOL). Design/Methods: A qualitative study was conducted following a phenomenological…

Background/Objectives: Discussing end-of-life (EoL) care is very challenging for adolescents and young adults (AYA) living with cancer. While many helpful documents exist to facilitate EoL conversations with adults, few resources exist to aid AYA in…

Purpose The impact of specialized pediatric palliative care (SPPC) teams on patterns of end-of-life care is unknown. We sought to determine (1) which children with cancer access SPPC and (2) the impact of accessing SPPC on the risk of experiencing…

Introduction About 4% of all cancers occur in adolescent and young adults (AYA) population in Japan. Quality and intensity of end-of-life (EOL) care in this population vary among different nationalities or cultures. Objectives We aimed to evaluate…

Context: Pediatric palliative care consults for children with cancer often occur late in the course of disease and close to death, when earlier involvement would reduce suffering. The perceptions that pediatric oncology providers hold about the…

Compared with younger children and older adults, adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer receive more intensive end-of-life (EOL) care. We hypothesize that enhanced understanding of AYA preferences, increased engagement of these…

BACKGROUND: Hope is a multidimensional concept that is important for all parents of children with cancer. However, most work has focused on advanced cancer and poor prognoses. We examined hopes of all parents of children with cancer longitudinally…

PURPOSE: This study examined the provision of palliative care and related decision-making in Swiss pediatric oncology settings. The aim was to determine if and when children who died from cancer received palliative care, whether there were…

OBJECTIVE: Previous work in pediatric oncology has found that clinicians and parents tend to under-report the frequency and severity of treatment-related symptoms compared to child self-report. As such, there is a need to identify high-quality…

Despite the continuous improvement of pediatric palliative care, medical professionals still face various barriers regarding its implementation; our aim was to investigate this question in Hungarian pediatric oncology practice. Structured interviews…

Background/Objectives: Bereaved parents during palliative care affects the quality of life of children and family. This research aims to explore parents' experiences caring children with cancer in palliative condition. Design/Methods: The research…

CONTEXT: Methadone is a long-acting opioid known for its unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Most research on methadone in children is limited to its effect on the prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval. OBJECTIVES: To…

ObjectiveAlthough many siblings experience distress after a child�s cancer diagnosis, their psychosocial functioning is seldom assessed in clinical oncology settings. One barrier to systematic sibling screening is the lack of a validated,…

Background/Objectives: Palliative care for Pediatric cancer patients and their families includes the relief of symptom and improvement of quality of life at any and all stages of disease. There care are most effectively provided by an…

Learning Objectives: Social workers (SWs) and chaplains (Cs) support families of PICU cancer patients. Few data describe the activities and impact of SWs and Cs (SWs/Cs) in the PICU. This study examined the activities of SWs/Cs caring for PICU cancer…

Background/Objectives: Although Pediatric palliative care (PPC) has developed worldwide with the increasing number of children with serious illness, the concept of Pediatric palliative care is still unfamiliar in Asia. We report on Pediatric cancer…

ObjectiveFamily psychosocial risk screening is an important initial step in delivering evidence-based care. The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) is a brief parent report screener based on the trilevel Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health…

CONTEXT: Early integration of palliative care (PC) in the management of children with high-risk cancer is widely endorsed by patients, families, clinicians, and national organizations. However, optimal timing for PC consultation is not standardized,…

Background: Children with advanced cancer experience high symptom distress, which negatively impacts their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). To the authors' knowledge, the relationship between income and symptom distress and HRQOL is not well…

Purpose: Children with advanced cancer are often not referred to palliative or hospice care before they die or are only referred close to the child's death. The goals of the current project were to learn about pediatric oncology team members'…
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