An interdisciplinary care model to establishing palliative care for children and adolescents with cancer

Title

An interdisciplinary care model to establishing palliative care for children and adolescents with cancer

Creator

Lin FR; Hsu PY

Identifier

Publisher

Pediatric Blood and Cancer

Date

2018

Subject

Taiwan; hospice; adolescent; pain; terminal care; oncology ward; education; palliative therapy; dyspnea; social worker; cancer patient; satisfaction; childhood cancer; case study; constipation; fatigue; health care quality; conference abstract; human; child; cancer model; counseling

Description

Background/Objectives: Palliative care for Pediatric cancer patients and their families includes the relief of symptom and improvement of quality of life at any and all stages of disease. There care are most effectively provided by an interdisciplinary team. The purpose of this study was to develop an interdisciplinary care model to establishing palliative care into end of life care for children and adolescents with cancer. Design/Methods: The setting of this study was about a 24-bed Pediatric Oncology ward in Taiwan from November 2015 to July 2017. We use "satisfaction with care at the end of life" to measure medical members satisfaction and the instruments was based on literature review. We worked out those methods:(1) Symptom management: scheduled education for symptom control and care of the end of life of patient, such as fatigue, pain, constipation, or dyspnea.(2.) To develop an interdisciplinary care model: we implemented case analysis of the end of life of patient and redesigned a new counseling mechanism. (3) To design implement for age-appropriate: child life specialists are required to set and collected age-appropriate toy from social worker. Results: After our study, It have three aspects for satisfaction score: (1)"recognition of the problem by the medical team" were increased from 5.3 points to 8.1 points; (2)" an interdisciplinary care" were increased from 6.3 points to 9.1 points; (3)" age-appropriate implement " were increased from 5.8 points to 9.7 points. Additional benefits for the rate of hospice-palliative coverage, at the end of life in children and adolescents with cancer, were increased from 68% (2013/1/1~2014/12/31) to 100% (2016/1/1~2017/12/31). Conclusions: We found that children and adolescents who died of cancer experienced substantial suffering in the last month of life. Based on our results, we established an interdisciplinary care model that it is most effectively and healthcare quality of palliative care can be improved.

Citation List Month

Oncology 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Lin FR; Hsu PY, “An interdisciplinary care model to establishing palliative care for children and adolescents with cancer,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 3, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16069.

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