Browse Items (14 total)

Individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT) can have variable manifestations of stereotypies. In this nation-wide cross-sectional study, we recruited all individuals with RTT in Taiwan diagnosed as RTT by neurologists based on genetic findings and…

Self-injurious behavior (SIB) has been observed in people with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), although the frequency of SIB in TSC is largely unknown. SIB is associated with intellectual and developmental disabilities, but there is no single cause…

The Sanfilippo Behavior Rating Scale (SBRS), a 68 item questionnaire, has been developed to assess the behavioral phenotype of children with Sanfilippo syndrome and its progression overtime. Fifteen scales rate orality, movement/activity,…

BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystem disorder that includes a range of tuberous sclerosis associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND). The lifetime prevalence rates of TAND are very high; yet surveys suggest that the majority of…

Behavioral problems are common in children with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and can be challenging to manage at home. Standardized measures were used to assess behavior in 99 pediatric patients with TSC and to evaluate parenting stress in their…

Background: Rett syndrome (RTT) and autism disorder (AD) are 2 neurodevelopmental disorders of early life that share phenotypic features, one being hand stereotypies. Distinguishing RTT from AD often represents a challenge, and given their distinct…

Rett's syndrome is a progressive disorder that occurs in females and is characterized by autistic behavior, dementia, ataxia, loss of purposeful use of the hands, and seizures. Patients with Rett's syndrome have been observed to have stereotyped hand…

INTRODUCTION: Hand stereotypies (HS) are a primary diagnostic criterion for Rett syndrome (WIT) but are difficult to characterize and quantify systematically. METHODS: We collected video on 27 girls (2-12 years of age) with classic RTT who…

The opiate hypothesis maintains that patients engage in self-injurious behavior (SIB) either because they are partially analgesic (pathologically altered pain threshold) or because SIB supplies a "fix" for an addicted endogenous opiate system. The…

Recent studies have shown that rates of depression and anxiety symptoms are elevated among individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) of various ages and IQs and that depression/anxiety symptoms are associated with higher IQ and fewer ASD…
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