Hand stereotypies distinguish Rett syndrome from autism disorder

Title

Hand stereotypies distinguish Rett syndrome from autism disorder

Creator

Goldman S; Temudo T

Identifier

Publisher

Movement Disorders

Date

2012

Subject

children; Neurosciences & Neurology; childhood; Rett syndrome; autism; mecp2; movements; hand stereotypies; motor stereotypies; stereotypies; developmental disorders; tone and motor problems; trajectory; characteristics; mouthing

Description

Background: Rett syndrome (RTT) and autism disorder (AD) are 2 neurodevelopmental disorders of early life that share phenotypic features, one being hand stereotypies. Distinguishing RTT from AD often represents a challenge, and given their distinct long-term prognoses, this issue may have far-reaching implications. With the advances in genetic testing, the contribution of clinical manifestations in distinguishing RTT from AD has been overlooked. Methods: A comparison of hand stereotypies in 20 children with RTT and 20 with AD was performed using detailed analyses of videotaped standardized observations. Results: Striking differences are observed between RTT and AD children. In RTT, hand stereotypies are predominantly complex, continuous, localized to the body midline, and involving mouthing. Conversely, in AD children, hand stereotypies are simple, bilateral, intermittent, and often involving objects. Conclusions: These results provide important clinical signs useful to the differential diagnosis of RTT versus AD, especially when genetic testing for RTT is not an option. (c) 2012 Movement Disorder Society

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation

Goldman S; Temudo T, “Hand stereotypies distinguish Rett syndrome from autism disorder,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 2, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16668.

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