Guidance on forgoing life-sustaining medical treatment

Title

Guidance on forgoing life-sustaining medical treatment

Creator

Weise KL; Okun AL; Carter BS; Christian CW; Katz AL; Laventhal N; MacAuley RC; Moon MR; Opel DJ; Statter MB; Davies D; Dell ML; Diekema DS; Klipstein S; Elster N; Rivera F; Feudtner C; Boss RD; Hauer JM; Humphrey LM; Klick J; Linebarger JS; Parker S; Lord B; Imaizumi S; Guinn-Jones M; Flaherty EG; Gavril AR; Idzerda SM; Laskey A; Legano LA; Leventhal JM; Fortson BL; MacMillan H; Stedt E; Hurley TP

Publisher

Pediatrics

Date

2017

Subject

Apparent Life Threatening Event/th [therapy]; Life-sustaining Medical Treatment; Medical Procedures; Practice Guideline; Article; Awareness; Caregiver; Child Abuse; Child Care; Clinical Decision Making; Comatose Patient; Consensus; Consultation; Critical Illness/th [therapy]; Death; Death By Neurologic Criteria; Developmental Disorder/th [therapy]; Disease Burden; Disease Course; Ethical Decision Making; Extremely Low Gestational Age; Family Decision Making; Family Stress; Foster Care; Gestational Age; Goal Attainment; Health Belief; High Risk Population; Human; Hydration; Imminent Death; Informed Consent; Intensive Care; Interpersonal Communication; Legal Aspect; Medical Ethics; Medical Expert; Medical Information; Medically Administered Nutrition And Hydration; Medical Specialist; Neglect; Neurologic Disease/di [diagnosis]; Nutrition; Oxygenation; Pain/th [therapy]; Palliative Therapy; Patient Care Planning; Pediatrician; Priority Journal; Prognosis; Quality Of Life; Resuscitation; Shared Decision Making; Social Support; Spiritual Care; Survival; Teamwork; Terminal Care; Tissue Perfusion; Uncertain Prognosis

Description

Pediatric health care is practiced with the goal of promoting the best interests of the child. Treatment generally is rendered under a presumption in favor of sustaining life. However, in some circumstances, the balance of benefits and burdens to the child leads to an assessment that forgoing life-sustaining medical treatment (LSMT) is ethically supportable or advisable. Parents are given wide latitude in decision-making concerning end-of-life care for their children in most situations. Collaborative decision-making around LSMT is improved by thorough communication among all stakeholders, including medical staff, the family, and the patient, when possible, throughout the evolving course of the patient's illness. Clear communication of overall goals of care is advised to promote agreed-on plans, including resuscitation status. Perceived disagreement among the team of professionals may be stressful to families. At the same time, understanding the range of professional opinions behind treatment recommendations is critical to informing family decision-making. Input from specialists in palliative care, ethics, pastoral care, and other disciplines enhances support for families and medical staff when decisions to forgo LSMT are being considered. Understanding specific applicability of institutional, regional, state, and national regulations related to forgoing LSMT is important to practice ethically within existing legal frameworks. This guidance represents an update of the 1994 statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics on forgoing LSMT.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

November 2017 List

Notes

Using Smart Source Parsing
( (no pagination), Article Number: e20171905. Date of Publication: September 2017

Tags

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Citation

Weise KL; Okun AL; Carter BS; Christian CW; Katz AL; Laventhal N; MacAuley RC; Moon MR; Opel DJ; Statter MB; Davies D; Dell ML; Diekema DS; Klipstein S; Elster N; Rivera F; Feudtner C; Boss RD; Hauer JM; Humphrey LM; Klick J; Linebarger JS; Parker S; Lord B; Imaizumi S; Guinn-Jones M; Flaherty EG; Gavril AR; Idzerda SM; Laskey A; Legano LA; Leventhal JM; Fortson BL; MacMillan H; Stedt E; Hurley TP, “Guidance on forgoing life-sustaining medical treatment,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 29, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11035.

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