Wasilewski-Masker K; Howk T; Connelly E; Postovsky S; Brill P; Wrammert KC; Pillai R
Neoplasm; Palliative Therapy; 73-78-9 (lidocaine); 76-99-3 (methadone); 103-90-2 (paracetamol); 125-56-4 (methadone); 137-58-6 (lidocaine); 297-88-1 (methadone); 437-38-7 (fentanyl); 1095-90-5 (methadone); 8002-76-4 (opiate); 8008-60-4 (opiate); 12794-10-4 (benzodiazepine); 23142-53-2 (methadone); 24847-67-4 (lidocaine); 53663-61-9 (opiate); 56934-02-2 (lidocaine); 60142-96-3 (gabapentin); Acute Stress Disorder; Alcohol Consumption; Anticonvulsive Agent; Appetite; Benzodiazepine; Corticosteroid; Distress Syndrome; Dyspnea; Fentanyl; Gabapentin; Hair Loss; Health Care Personnel; Health Care System; Hospital; Human; Intensive Care Unit; Lidocaine; Major Depression; Medical Staff; Methadone; Mortality; Nausea And Vomiting; Obesity; Opiate; Paracetamol; Paralysis; Patient Care Planning; Priority Journal; Prostaglandin/ec [endogenous Compound]; Quality Of Life; Tracheostomy
Cancer is a leading cause of death in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) Wiener et al. (Pediatr Blood Cancer 60(5):715-718, 2013). Though most AYAs will survive, cancer will become incurable in 10-40 % Schrijvers and Meijnder (Cancer Treat Rev 33(7):616-621, 2007). Although the general philosophies of palliative care apply to AYAs, developmental considerations are unique to this group (Ferrari et al. J Clin Oncol Off J Am Soc Clin Oncol 28(32):4850-4857, 2010); Wein et al. J Clin Oncol Off J Am Soc Clin Oncol 28(32):4819-4824, 2010). The interaction of psychosocial, emotional, physical, and existential issues is essential to consider (Wein et al. J Clin Oncol Off J Am Soc Clin Oncol 28(32):4819-4824, 2010). The gaps in care experienced on both sides of the healthcare system between pediatric and adult medicine can be particularly impactful when delivering palliative care. The benefit of a multidisciplinary palliative care approach is widely appreciated as is the need to begin the process early in order to develop a trusting relationship (Wiener et al. Pediatr Blood Cancer 60(5):715-718, 2013; Baker et al. Pediatr Clin N Am 55(1):223-250, 2008; Ferris et al. J Clin Oncol Off J Am Soc Clin Oncol 27(18):3052-3058). Honest communication which supports autonomy is essential in discussions of their goals, worries, risks versus benefits of treatment, and advanced care planning (Clark and Fasciano Am J Hosp Palliat Care 32(1):101-111, 2015; Christenson et al. J Pediatr Health Care Off Publ Natl Assoc Pediatr Nurse Assoc Pract 24(5):286-291, 2010; Linebarger et al. Pediatr Clin N Am 61(4):785-796, 2014).
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Wasilewski-Masker K; Howk T; Connelly E; Postovsky S; Brill P; Wrammert KC; Pillai R, “Palliative Care,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed February 4, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11034.