Symptoms of anxiety and depression in family members of intensive care unit patients before discharge or death. A prospective multicenter study

Title

Symptoms of anxiety and depression in family members of intensive care unit patients before discharge or death. A prospective multicenter study

Creator

Pochard F; Darmon M; Fassier T; Bollaert PE; Cheval C; Coloigner M; Merouani A; Moulront S; Pigne E; Pingat J; Zahar JR; Schlemmer B; Azoulay E; French FAMIREA study group

Publisher

Journal Of Critical Care

Date

2005

Subject

Humans; Intensive Care Units; Patient Discharge; Adult; Prevalence; Prospective Studies; Aged; Middle Aged; Death; Age Factors; Severity of Illness Index; Risk Factors; Family/psychology; ICU Decision Making; Depression/epidemiology/psychology; Anxiety/epidemiology/psychology

Description

STUDY OBJECTIVES: More than two thirds of family members visiting intensive care unit (ICU) patients have symptoms of anxiety or depression during the first days of hospitalization. Identifying determinants of these symptoms would help caregivers support families at patient discharge or when death is imminent. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective multicenter study including 78 ICUs (1184 beds) in France. PARTICIPANTS: Family members completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale on the day of patient discharge or death to allow evaluation of the prevalence and potential factors associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression. RESULTS: Three hundred fifty-seven patients were included in the study, and 544 family members completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were found in 73.4% and 35.3% of family members, respectively; 75.5% of family members and 82.7% of spouses had symptoms of anxiety or depression (P = .007). Symptoms of depression were more prevalent in family members of nonsurvivors (48.2%) than of survivors (32.7%) (P = .008). The multivariate model identified 3 groups of factors associated with symptoms: (1) patient-related: severity as assessed by the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (odds ratio [OR] 1.017 per point) and patient age (OR 0.984 per year) predicted anxiety, and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (OR, 1.015 per point), patient death (OR 2.092), and patient age (OR 0.981) predicted depression; (2) family-related: the spouse predicted anxiety (OR 2.085); and (3) ICU-related: a room with more than 1 bed (OR 1.539) predicted depression. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression remains high at the end of the ICU stay, whether the patient is well enough to be discharged or is near death.
2005

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

90-96

Issue

1

Volume

20

Citation

Pochard F; Darmon M; Fassier T; Bollaert PE; Cheval C; Coloigner M; Merouani A; Moulront S; Pigne E; Pingat J; Zahar JR; Schlemmer B; Azoulay E; French FAMIREA study group, “Symptoms of anxiety and depression in family members of intensive care unit patients before discharge or death. A prospective multicenter study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 22, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13711.

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