Use of paclitaxel to successfully treat children, adolescents, and young adults with Kaposi sarcoma in southwestern Tanzania

Title

Use of paclitaxel to successfully treat children, adolescents, and young adults with Kaposi sarcoma in southwestern Tanzania

Creator

Adinani H; Campbell L; El-Mallawany NK; Slone J; Mehta P; Bacha J

Publisher

Children

Date

2021

Subject

child; Adolescent; adult; article; cohort analysis; female; human; major clinical study; male; retrospective study; quality of life; treatment duration; young adult; follow up; cancer palliative therapy; cancer recurrence; cancer survival; adolescent; treatment outcome; trend study; virus load; multiple cycle treatment; cancer combination chemotherapy; doxorubicin/cb [Drug Combination]; doxorubicin/dt [Drug Therapy]; vincristine/cb [Drug Combination]; vincristine/dt [Drug Therapy]; treatment planning; long term survival; Tanzania; Kaposi sarcoma/dt [Drug Therapy]; paclitaxel/dt [Drug Therapy]; antiretroviral therapy; antiretrovirus agent/dt [Drug Therapy]; bleomycin/cb [Drug Combination]; bleomycin/dt [Drug Therapy]; bleomycin/iv [Intravenous Drug Administration]; dexamethasone/dt [Drug Therapy]; drug contraindication; Human immunodeficiency virus infection/dt [Drug Therapy]; lack of drug effect; vincristine/iv [Intravenous Drug Administration]; Paclitaxel

Description

Treating Kaposi sarcoma (KS) in children, adolescents, and young adults (AYA) remains a challenge in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) where chemotherapy options and availability are limited. We describe a retrospective cohort review of pediatric patients with KS treated with paclitaxel in Mbeya, Tanzania, between 1 March 2011 and 31 December 2019. Paclitaxel was given to patients who had KS relapse, a contraindication to bleomycin, vincristine, and doxorubicin (ABV), special circumstances in which a clinician determined that paclitaxel was preferable to ABV, or experienced treatment failure, defined as persistent KS symptoms at the completion of treatment. All patients also received multidisciplinary palliative care. Seventeen patients aged 5.1-21.3 years received paclitaxel, of whom 47.1% (8/17) had treatment failure, 29.4% (5/17) received paclitaxel as initial treatment, and 23.5% (4/17) had relapsed. All HIV positive patients (16/17) were given anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and 87.5% (14/16) achieved viral load <1000 cp/mL. At censure, 82.3% (14/17) of patients were alive-71.4% (10/14) achieved complete clinical remission and 28.6% (4/14) achieved a partial response. The median follow up was 37.3 months (range 8.0-83.5, IQR 19.7-41.6), and no patients were lost to follow up. In this cohort, high rates of long-term survival and favorable outcomes were possible with paclitaxel treatment.Copyright © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Rights

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Citation List Month

2023 SE5 - Low Resource Setting

Citation

Adinani H; Campbell L; El-Mallawany NK; Slone J; Mehta P; Bacha J, “Use of paclitaxel to successfully treat children, adolescents, and young adults with Kaposi sarcoma in southwestern Tanzania,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 30, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/19440.