The Marital Implications of Bereavement: Child Death and Intimate Partner Violence in West and Central Africa

Title

The Marital Implications of Bereavement: Child Death and Intimate Partner Violence in West and Central Africa

Creator

Weitzman A; Smith-Greenaway E

Publisher

Demography

Date

2020

Subject

Child; Adolescent; Adult; Child Preschool; Female; Humans; Infant; Infant Newborn; Male; Parents/psychology; Middle Aged; Young Adult; Risk Factors; Child Mortality; Bereavement; Child mortality; Intimate partner violence; West and Central Africa; Africa Central; Africa Western; Intimate Partner Violence/statistics & numerical data; Marriage/statistics & numerical data

Description

In high-mortality contexts, research examining the effects of child mortality has focused almost exclusively on couples' fertility responses while overlooking other potential family consequences. Using nationally representative survey data from 13 West and Central African countries, we estimate multilevel discrete-time hazard models to determine how women's risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) varies with the death of children. We assess heterogeneity in this association across two surrounding circumstances: children's age at death and regional prevalence of child bereavement. Findings indicate that the risk of IPV initiation rises with the death of children under age 5-for whom women are most intensely responsible-but not with the death of older children. The effect of young child bereavement is most pronounced in regions where it is least prevalent among mothers-a finding not explained by concomitant regional variation in gender inequality, family norms, and infrastructural development. These findings highlight the importance of child mortality for family outcomes beyond fertility in the African context and demonstrate the prominent role of the broader mortality context in shaping these implications.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

2021 Special Edition 1 - Low Resource Settings

Citation

Weitzman A; Smith-Greenaway E, “The Marital Implications of Bereavement: Child Death and Intimate Partner Violence in West and Central Africa,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 20, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18934.