Comparison of treatment modalities in syndromic children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea-A randomized cohort study

Title

Comparison of treatment modalities in syndromic children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea-A randomized cohort study

Creator

Sudarsan S S; Paramasivan V K; Arumugam S V; Murali S; Kameswaran M

Publisher

International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

Date

2014

Subject

quality of life; major clinical study; priority journal; follow up; randomized controlled trial; mucopolysaccharidosis; outcome assessment; clinical effectiveness; human; article; child; female; male; controlled study; adenotonsillectomy; apnea hypopnea index; Continuous Positive Airway Pressure; CPAP device; Down syndrome; Epworth sleepiness scale; ess-c; Mucopolysaccharidoses; osa-18; Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea; positive end expiratory pressure; radiofrequency ablation device; sleep disordered breathing/su [Surgery]; sleep disordered breathing/th [Therapy]; treatment outcome; breathing difficulties; MPSI; MPSII; MPSIII; MPSIIIA; MPSIIIB; MPSVI; MPSVII; surgical interventions; physical interventions; adenotonsillectomy

Description

Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a common medical problem in adults that is becoming increasingly recognized in children. It occurs in the pediatric age group, from newborns to teens. More recently, many specialists have estimated OSA prevalence to be between 5 and 6%. However, in syndromic children, the prevalence of OSA can be from 50 to 100%, having a significant effect on their Quality-of-Life. As they are a challenging population for management, it is essential to evaluate them thoroughly before planning appropriate intervention. Objective: To compare the efficacy of Adenotonsillectomy (T&A) and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in syndromic children [Down syndrome (DS) and Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS)] with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Materials and methods: In a prospective, randomized, cohort comparative study, 124 syndromic children (DS and MPS) aged between 6 and 12 years were recruited from a private MPS support group and the Down Syndrome Society, Chennai. A standard assessment was performed on all children who entered the study including a full overnight Polysomnogram (PSG), Epworth Sleepiness Scale-Children (ESS-C) and Quality-of-Life (QOL) tool OSA-18. The children with positive PSG who consented for the study (n= 80) were randomly distributed to two groups, T&A group & CPAP group. The children were followed up with repeat PSG, clinical evaluation, ESS-C and Quality-of-Life (QOL) tool OSA-18 for a period of 1 year. Observation and results: Follow-up was available for 73 syndromic children. Both the groups, T&A group and CPAP group, showed statistically significant (p<. 0.05) improvement in Apnea-Hypoapnea Index (AHI), ESS-C, QOL from the intervention. In our study, T&A showed equal outcome compared to CPAP. The contrasting feature between the two groups was that CPAP use gave immediate sustained improvement while T&A gave gradual progressive improvement of symptoms over a period of 1 year. Conclusion: On average, T&A gives equal outcomes as CPAP and it can be suggested as a first-line treatment in this group of syndromic children. © 2014.

Rights

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Citation

Sudarsan S S; Paramasivan V K; Arumugam S V; Murali S; Kameswaran M, “Comparison of treatment modalities in syndromic children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea-A randomized cohort study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 30, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16821.

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