Treatment of Symptoms in Children with Q3 Conditions

Title

Treatment of Symptoms in Children with Q3 Conditions

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Aim: To describe temporal and spatial gait characteristics in individuals with Cri du Chat syndrome (CdCS) and to explore the effects of performing concurrent manual tasks while walking. Methods: The gait parameters of 14 participants with CdCS (mean…

To study the effect of dopaminergic drugs on the parkinsonism in juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, the authors conducted an open study of 21 patients. According to the motor Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) score, treatment was initiated with…

We do not know the natural history of dysphagia in classical Rett syndrome (RTT) by stage or age. This study investigated swallowing physiology in 23 females ages 1:7 to 5:8 (years, months) with classical Rett syndrome to determine common and…

We obtained information about the behavioral, psychiatric, and functional status of 26 children (13 males, 13 females) with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL; mean age 12y 3mo [SD 3y 4mo]; range 6y 9mo to 18y 8mo). Twenty-five children…

PURPOSE: We report aspects of sleep-disordered breathing in a cohort of achondroplastic children who attended our hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for a 15-year period to further evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of…

OBJECT: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established technique for the treatment of several movement disorders in adults. However, the technical approach, complications, and results of DBS in children have not been well documented. METHODS: A…

BACKGROUND: Pompe disease (PD) is a disorder of lysosomal glycogen storage. The introduction of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has shifted the focus of care from survival to quality of life. The presence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and…

In this study, we present preliminary data on cognitive, behavioral and communication domains of individuals with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS), collected through a specific protocol combining direct and indirect tools. Seventeen subjects with…

BACKGROUND: Children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) are at risk for social-behavioural and neurocognitive sequelae throughout development. The current study examined the impact of family environmental characteristics on social-behavioural…

Aim of the study: To assess the efficacy and safety of endoscopic balloon dilatation of esophageal strictures in children. Material and methods: Design: retrospective case series; population: 49 patients under 18 years of age referred to our center…

UNLABELLED: Parents of 40 patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease completed a questionnaire detailing developmental history, life course, management, medication, factors influencing variability and topography of self-injury. Several conclusions were…

Parents of 42 patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease completed a questionnaire systematizing caregiver observations of the subject's behavior during a wide variety of daily events. Responses were grouped in nine categories reflecting different aspects of…

Four patients with Lesch Nyhan disease were treated with L 5 hydroxytryptophan, alone, or in combination with carbidopa, and their effect on self mutilatory behavior was compared to that observed during periods in which placebo was administered.…

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a rare, sex-linked, recessive disease that is accompanied by severe self-mutilation, especially finger biting. Evidence is presented suggesting that parental response patterns may contribute to the genesis of the…

The self injurious behavior of five male children with Lesch Nyhan disease was studied during three learning paradigms: punishment, positive reinforcement and time out from reinforcement following an attempt at self injury. Punishment of self injury…

Background: Epidermolysis bullosa is a rare genetically determined disorder of the stratified squamous epithelium. Patients with the most severe forms develop scarring of the esophagus after ingestion of food. This results in dysphagia, which…

Background: Difficulties in initiating and maintaining sleep are common in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Melatonin is unlicensed in children yet widely prescribed for sleep problems. Objective: To determine whether or not…

Incessant hand to mouth movements are often noted as part of the movement disorder of the hands in the Rett syndrome (RS). Elbow splints were designed to inhibit this behavior and prevent further injury to the hands. A study of eight RS patients was…

Costello syndrome is a rare rasopathy caused by germline mutations in the oncogene HRAS resulting in increased signal transduction through the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. In contrast to the more common rasopathies, such as…

BACKGROUND: Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is an inherited blistering skin disorder that is associated with significant esophageal strictures, resulting in dysphagia and nutritional failure. Although endoscopically guided balloon…

Patients with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL) often have severe psychiatric symptoms. These are common in their mid-teens and include such symptoms as anxiety and affective and psychotic disorders. The older antidepressants and…

Archival data from a survey of parent observations was used to determine the prevalence of social and behavioral problems in children with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC). Parent observations were surveyed using the Child Behavior Checklist…

Background: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by regression of language and motor skills, cognitive impairment, and frequent seizures. Although the diagnostic criteria focus on communication, motor impairments,…

Background Few studies have investigated functional and behavioural variables of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) in a large sample of individuals. The aim of this study is to provide greater insight into the clinical, behavioural and cognitive…

This paper reports a study of the nature and prevalence of behaviour problems in 258 children with mucopolysaccharide disorders. Questionnaire data obtained through the post was supplemented by home visits to 42 families in the sample and by regular…

Background Rare causes of inherited movement disorders often present with a debilitating phenotype of dystonia, sometimes combined with parkinsonism and other neurological signs. Since these disorders are often resistant to medications, DBS may be…

A postal questionnaire was used to study 49 individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (including both the classical and the mild forms) to ascertain behavioural phenotype. Ages ranged from early childhood to adulthood (mean age, 10.2 years; SD,…

Objective: Sleep disturbance and daytime restlessness are present in 50% to 80% of children with severe psychomotor impairment due to neurologic or other complex diseases. Although these issues severely impair the quality of life of the children and…

Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is characterized by dystonia, cognitive abnormalities, and self-injurious behavior. No effective therapies are available. LND is associated with a presynaptic dopaminergic deficit, but the reported effects of dopamine…

Drooling is a common problem in children with progressive dystonia. The authors noted a 58% incidence of drooling in 22/38 children with MEGDEL, a rare neurodegenerative cause of dystonia and report on the clinical course of four patients. Drooling…

Rett syndrome is a rare but severe neurological disorder associated with a mutation in the methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene. Sleep problems and epilepsy are two of many comorbidities associated with this disorder. This study investigated the…

Rett syndrome (RTT), a rare but severe neurological disorder is associated with a mutation in the methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene on the X chromosome occurring in 1:9000 live female births. Apparently normal development is followed by a…

Introduction: In this study we noninvasively evaluated skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity, muscle-specific endurance, and energy/fatigue feelings in persons with Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) and able-bodied controls (AB). Methods: Forearm…

Background: Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) is an inherited metabolic disease due to deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH). Cognitive functions are generally thought to be spared, but have not yet been studied in detail. Methods: Thirty…

BACKGROUND: While several small-number or open-label studies suggest that melatonin improves sleep in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) with chronic sleep disturbance, a larger randomized control trial is necessary to validate these…

Overnight polysomnography was performed in 10 subjects with tuberous sclerosis (TS) and partial epilepsy in order to investigate the relationships between sleep organization, sleep disorders and epilepsy. Sleep architecture abnormalities were…

Research indicates that approximately 40% to 70% of children with disabilities are identified and treated for feeding difficulties such as reflux. The available literature on children with trisomy 18 does not describe feeding needs or treatment. The…

Background In non-walking children with severe spasticity, daily care can be difficult and many patients suffer from pain. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) reduces spasticity in the legs, and therefore has the potential to improve daily care and…

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of hand splints and one elbow restraint on persistent stereotypic hand movements of four girls with Rett's syndrome. Among the most characteristic features of Rett's syndrome are stereotypic hand…
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