Coping, self-efficacy and psychiatric history in patients with both chronic widespread pain and chronic fatigue

Title

Coping, self-efficacy and psychiatric history in patients with both chronic widespread pain and chronic fatigue

Creator

Smith WR; Strachan ED; Buchwald D

Publisher

General Hospital Psychiatry

Date

2009

Subject

adolescent; Female; Humans; Male; Young Adult; Pain; Adult; Attitude to Health; Emotions; Questionnaires; Chronic disease; Aged; Middle Aged; Comorbidity; Self Efficacy; Fatigue; Problem Solving; Severity of Illness Index; Activities of Daily Living; Regression Analysis; Depressive Disorder; Adaptation; Psychological; Stress Disorders; Chronic; Fatigue Syndrome; Fibromyalgia; Major; Post-Traumatic

Description

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of coping style and self-efficacy to functional impairment in a group of patients with both chronic widespread pain (CWP) and chronic fatigue, as well as the possible mediating role of psychiatric diagnosis. METHODS: We identified 138 consecutive clinic patients who met criteria for CWP and chronic fatigue. We collected demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as measures of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping styles, fatigue-related self-efficacy and self-reported general health. Psychiatric diagnoses were determined with a structured interview. Short Form-36 subscales of pain-related and fatigue-related functioning were the dependent variables in ordinal multiple regression analyses to identify the best-fit model for each. RESULTS: In the final model for pain, increased functional impairment was associated with increased emotion-focused coping as well as less education, lower general health scores and higher body mass index. Conversely, in the final model for fatigue, increased functional impairment was significantly associated with less emotion-focused coping, lower general health scores and lower self-efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: The unexpected finding that emotion-focused coping was associated differently with chronic pain and fatigue among patients who experience both symptoms is discussed in the context of the research on the effects of self-efficacy and possible treatment approaches.
2009-08

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

347-352

Issue

4

Volume

31

Citation

Smith WR; Strachan ED; Buchwald D, “Coping, self-efficacy and psychiatric history in patients with both chronic widespread pain and chronic fatigue,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 1, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14403.

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