Who should discuss goals of care during acute deteriorations in patients with life threatening illnesses? A survey of clinicians from diverse pediatric specialties

Title

Who should discuss goals of care during acute deteriorations in patients with life threatening illnesses? A survey of clinicians from diverse pediatric specialties

Creator

Cote A J; Gaucher N; Payot A

Publisher

Paediatrics and Child Health (Canada)

Date

2019

Subject

child; female; human; major clinical study; male; palliative therapy; controlled study; emergency ward; cancer patient; respiratory distress; conference abstract; decision making; human tissue; perception; clinician; spinal muscular atrophy; data analysis software; advanced cancer; brain disease; cancer resistance; deterioration; disease exacerbation; e-mail; hypoplastic left heart syndrome; leukemia; Likert scale; nonparametric test; pediatrician; vignette

Description

BACKGROUND: Discomfort exists discussing goals of care (GOC) with families of children with advanced life-threatening illnesses. There also exists important variability in the management of these patients. OBJECTIVE(S): This study seeks to explore the perceptions of pediatric specialists involved in the care of children with life-threatening illnesses with regards to GOC discussions and management during acute unexpected clinical deteriorations. DESIGN/METHODS: This single center survey study used 4 scenarios of children with advanced life-threatening illnesses, presenting to the emergency department (ED) with respiratory distress. Scenarios included patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), static encephalopathy, spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), refractory leukemia. Questions following each vignette were identical. Physicians from the specialties most involved in these scenarios completed the survey by email or in person. Data analysis used SPSS v.20 (IBM Inc.). Related samples non-parametric tests compared participants' Likert scale answers to the different scenarios. RESULT(S): Between May 2015 and May 2016, 60 participants completed the study; 14 were excluded (>60% missing answers). Most (80.4%) participants reported an interest in pediatric palliative care; 71.7% had 0-3 formal trainings. Participants believed GOC were best discussed before an acute deterioration (Table 1). Acute deteriorations were not seen as an opportune moment to initiate discussions about GOC. However, validating GOC was necessary, given that not discussing GOC was unacceptable. Pediatric specialists were seen as the most suitable teams to initiate these discussions, while the ED's role was unclear. Several management options were less acceptable for the patient with static encephalopathy. CONCLUSION(S): Discussing GOC in the ED during exacerbations is complex, involving many stakeholders, who may not always be available to help in decision making processes. Advanced care planning with these families is essential to prepare them for acute heath events. (Table Presented).

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

October 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Cote A J; Gaucher N; Payot A, “Who should discuss goals of care during acute deteriorations in patients with life threatening illnesses? A survey of clinicians from diverse pediatric specialties,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed November 16, 2019, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16503.

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