Oral morphine and respiratory function amongst hospice inpatients with advanced cancer

Title

Oral morphine and respiratory function amongst hospice inpatients with advanced cancer

Creator

Walsh TD; Rivera NI; Kaiko R

Publisher

Supportive Care In Cancer : Official Journal Of The Multinational Association Of Supportive Care In Cancer

Date

2003

Subject

Female; Humans; Male; Analgesics; Aged; Middle Aged; Drug Monitoring; Health Services Research; Inpatients; Administration; Oral; Pain/drug therapy/etiology; Respiratory Function Tests; hospice care; Morphine/administration & dosage/adverse effects; Neoplasms/classification/complications/physiopathology; Opioid/administration & dosage/adverse effects; Respiratory Insufficiency/chemically induced/diagnosis

Description

BACKGROUND: Respiratory depression is the opioid adverse effect feared most by physicians. This may hinder adequate dosing in cancer pain. The study was conducted to examine the respiratory function of patients with advanced cancer receiving significant doses (>100 mg/24 h) of oral morphine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive pain-free hospice inpatients with advanced cancer receiving high-dose immediate-release oral morphine were evaluated. A single assessment of respiratory rate (RR), arterial blood gas (ABG), and peak flow rate (PFR) was made at assumed morphine steady state. Venous blood was drawn for a trough morphine plasma level. RESULTS: Of 31 patients who consented to examination, 20 completed the study assessment; 12 had chronic bronchitis. The median morphine dose was 30 mg 4-hourly (range 20 to 90 mg). Only one patient had evidence of ventilatory impairment. CONCLUSIONS: Morphine does not commonly cause chronic ventilatory impairment when given in this way in this population even in the presence of pre-existing or concurrent respiratory disease. Oral morphine given repeatedly in individualized dosage is a safe and efficacious analgesic in the majority of those with advanced cancer.
2003

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

780-784

Issue

12

Volume

11

Citation

Walsh TD; Rivera NI; Kaiko R, “Oral morphine and respiratory function amongst hospice inpatients with advanced cancer,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 16, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13071.

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