End-of-life Practices Among Tertiary Care Picus In The United States: A Multicenter Study

Title

End-of-life Practices Among Tertiary Care Picus In The United States: A Multicenter Study

Creator

Meert KL; Keele L; Morrison W; Berg RA; Dalton H; Newth CJL; Harrison R; Wessel DL; Shanley T; Carcillo J; Clark A; Holubkov R; Jenkins T L; Doctor A; Dean JM; Pollack M

Identifier

10.1097/PCC.0000000000000520

Publisher

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Date

2015

Subject

Adolescent;Cause Of Death;Child;Child Preschool;Female;Hospital Mortality;Humans;Infant;Intensive Care Units Pediatric;Length Of Stay;Male;Practice Patterns Physicians';Prospective Studies;Terminal Care/methods;Terminal Care/statistics & Numerical Data;Tertiary Healthcare;Tissue And Organ Procurement/statistics & Numerical Data;United States

Description

OBJECTIVE: To describe variability in end-of-life practices among tertiary care PICUs in the United States. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data prospectively collected from a random sample of patients (n = 10,078) admitted to PICUs affiliated with the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network between December 4, 2011, and April 7, 2013. SETTING: Seven clinical centers affiliated with the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network. PATIENTS: Patients included in the primary study were less than 18 years old, admitted to a PICU, and not moribund on PICU admission. Patients included in the secondary analysis were those who died during their hospital stay. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two hundred and seventy-five (2.7%; range across sites, 1.3-5.0%) patients died during their hospital stay; of these, 252 (92%; 76-100%) died in a PICU. Discussions with families about limitation or withdrawal of support occurred during the initial PICU stay for 173 patients (63%; 47-76%; p = 0.27) who died. Of these, palliative care was consulted for 67 (39%; 12-46%); pain service for 11 (6%; 10 of which were at a single site); and ethics committee for six (3%, from three sites). Mode of death was withdrawal of support for 141 (51%; 42-59%), failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation for 53 (19%; 12-28%), limitation of support for 46 (17%; 7-24%), and brain death for 35 (13%; 8-20%); mode of death did not differ across sites (p = 0.58). Organ donation was requested from 101 families (37%; 17-88%; p < 0.001). Of these, 20 donated (20%; 0-64%). Sixty-two deaths (23%; 10-53%; p < 0.001) were medical examiner cases. Of nonmedical examiner cases (n = 213), autopsy was requested for 79 (37%; 17-75%; p < 0.001). Of autopsies requested, 53 (67%; 50-100%) were performed. CONCLUSIONS: Most deaths in Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network-affiliated PICUs occur after life support has been limited or withdrawn. Wide practice variation exists in requests for organ donation and autopsy.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

July 2017 List

Citation

Meert KL; Keele L; Morrison W; Berg RA; Dalton H; Newth CJL; Harrison R; Wessel DL; Shanley T; Carcillo J; Clark A; Holubkov R; Jenkins T L; Doctor A; Dean JM; Pollack M, “End-of-life Practices Among Tertiary Care Picus In The United States: A Multicenter Study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 22, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10941.

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