Leukocytes in the regulation of pain and analgesia

Title

Leukocytes in the regulation of pain and analgesia

Creator

Rittner HL; Machelska H; Stein C

Identifier

Publisher

Journal Of Leukocyte Biology

Date

2005

Subject

Humans; Analgesia; Animals; Biomarkers of Pain; Receptors; Biomarkers Reference List; Pain/immunology/physiopathology; Inflammation Mediators/immunology; Leukocytes/immunology/secretion; Nervous System/immunology/physiopathology; Neuropeptides/immunology/pharmacology; Opioid Peptides/immunology/secretion; Opioid/immunology; Sensory/immunology/physiopathology; Signal Transduction/immunology

Description

When tissue is destroyed or invaded by leukocytes in inflammation, numerous mediators are delivered by the circulation and/or liberated from resident and immigrated cells at the site. Proalgesic mediators include proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, protons, nerve growth factor, and prostaglandins, which are produced by invading leukocytes or by resident cells. Less well known is that analgesic mediators, which counteract pain, are also produced in inflamed tissues. These include anti-inflammatory cytokines and opioid peptides. Interactions between leukocyte-derived opioid peptides and opioid receptors can lead to potent, clinically relevant inhibition of pain (analgesia). Opioid receptors are present on peripheral endings of sensory neurons. Opioid peptides are synthesized in circulating leukocytes, which migrate to inflamed tissues directed by chemokines and adhesion molecules. Under stressful conditions or in response to releasing agents (e.g., corticotropin-releasing factor, cytokines, noradrenaline), leukocytes can secrete opioids. They activate peripheral opioid receptors and produce analgesia by inhibiting the excitability of sensory nerves and/or the release of excitatory neuropeptides. This review presents discoveries that led to the concepts of pain generation by mediators secreted from leukocytes and of analgesia by immune-derived opioids.
2005

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

1215-1222

Issue

6

Volume

78

Citation

Rittner HL; Machelska H; Stein C, “Leukocytes in the regulation of pain and analgesia,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed November 30, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13359.

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