Antenatal Palliative Care Consultation: Implications For Decision-making And Perinatal Outcomes In A Single-centre Experience

Title

Antenatal Palliative Care Consultation: Implications For Decision-making And Perinatal Outcomes In A Single-centre Experience

Creator

Kukora S; Gollehon N; Laventhal N

Publisher

Archives Of Disease In Childhood. Fetal And Neonatal Edition

Date

2017

Subject

Decision Making; Adult; Female; Follow-up Studies; Humans; Infant Newborn; Male; Palliative Care/methods; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Outcome; Prenatal Care/methods; Referral And Consultation/organization & Administration; Retrospective Studies; Young Adult

Description

BACKGROUND: Some pregnant patients with complex fetal anomalies meet with paediatric palliative care subspecialists prior to delivery, but referral to antenatal palliative care consultation (APCC) is not standard. Little is known about its role in perinatal decision-making. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective cohort study was undertaken for patients referred for outpatient antenatal counselling by a neonatologist over a two-and-half-year period. Patients also receiving APCC were compared with infants with similar prognoses who did not. Outcomes assessed included antenatal decision-making, obstetric and neonatal outcomes. RESULTS: 24 (17%) of the 144 referred fetuses received APCC; nearly all had been given the prognoses of 'non-survivable' or 'uncertain, likely poor'. Fetal or neonatal outcome included: fetal demise 5 (21%), in-hospital death 16 (67%) and survival to discharge (DC) 3(12%). 24 fetuses with similarly poor prognoses were not referred, but had similar outcomes: fetal demise 5 (21%), in-hospital death 16 (67%) and survival to DC 3 (12%). Those with APCC were more likely to choose comfort care than those without (67% vs 17%, p<0.01) and those who died in hospital had a shorter time to death than those who did not receive APCC. Less racial diversity was noted in the group receiving APCC. Infants with identified/suspected genetic syndromes were more likely to receive consultation despite similar mortality to the remaining cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term outcomes with and without APCC were similar for infants with poor prognoses, though non-survivors with APCC were more likely to have a comfort care plan and shorter time to in-hospital death.

Rights

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Citation List Month

March 2017 List

Citation

Kukora S; Gollehon N; Laventhal N, “Antenatal Palliative Care Consultation: Implications For Decision-making And Perinatal Outcomes In A Single-centre Experience,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed June 25, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10853.