Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Medical Complexity and In-Hospital Death Among US-Born VLBW Infants

Title

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Medical Complexity and In-Hospital Death Among US-Born VLBW Infants

Creator

Hannan KE; Bourque SL; Palmer C; Tong S; Hwang SS

Publisher

Hospital Pediatrics

Date

2022

Subject

Humans; Infant; Retrospective Studies; Cross-Sectional Studies; Hospital Mortality; Birth Weight; Ethnicity

Description

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the racial and ethnic disparity in the prevalence of complex chronic conditions (CCC) and/or in-hospital death among US-born very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) infants. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of discharge data from the Kids' Inpatient Database, included VLBW infants born in US hospitals in 2009 and 2012 (n = 554825, weighted n = 573693) exlcuding those with missing demographics. The main outcome was CCC or death. Multiple logistic regression modeling estimated the association of various characteristics with CCC or death, considering race and ethnicity. RESULTS: There was heterogeneity in the association of insurance status and hospital region and experiencing CCC or death when compared across races and ethnicities. Infants of all races and ethnicities had higher odds of CCC or death if they had an operative procedure, were outborn, or had a birth weight of <500 g or 500 g to 999 g compared with 1000 g to 1499 g. Non-Hispanic Black infants <500 g, however, had the highest odds of CCC or death compared with those 1000 g to 1499 g (adjusted odds ratio 67.2, 95% confidence interval, 48.6-93.0), 2.3 times higher than the odds for non-Hispanic White infants (AOR 2.32, 95% confidence interval, 1.57-3.42). CONCLUSIONS: Insurance and region were associated with increased prevalence of CCC or death in certain racial and ethnic groups. Additionally, non-Hispanic Black infants <500 g had >2.3 times the odds of CCC or death compared with non-Hispanic White infants, relative to infants 1000 g to 1499 g. Additional investigation is needed to understand the drivers of these disparities.

Rights

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Citation List Month

August 2022 List

Collection

Citation

Hannan KE; Bourque SL; Palmer C; Tong S; Hwang SS, “Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Medical Complexity and In-Hospital Death Among US-Born VLBW Infants,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed November 28, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/18175.

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