Children Enrolled in Hospice Care Under Commercial Insurance: A Comparison of Different Age Groups

Title

Children Enrolled in Hospice Care Under Commercial Insurance: A Comparison of Different Age Groups

Creator

Lindley Lisa C; Cohrs A C; Keim-Malpass J; Leslie D L

Publisher

American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine

Date

2019

Subject

Data Analysis Software; Age Factors; Male; Human; Sex Factors; Length of Stay; Child; Prospective Studies; Female; Child Preschool; Analysis of Variance; Infant; Adolescence; Health Care Costs; Insurance Health; Pediatric Care; Pennsylvania; Descriptive Statistics; Retrospective Design; Funding Source; Chi Square Test; Cross Sectional Studies; Health Resource Utilization; Academic Medical Centers -- Pennsylvania; Chronic Disease -- Classification -- In Infancy and Childhood; Comparative Studies; Geographic Factors; Hospice Care -- Economics -- In Infancy and Childhood; Hospice Patients -- Psychosocial Factors; Pearson's Correlation Coefficient

Description

Background: Although most children at end of life have commercial insurance, little is known about their demographic and clinical characteristics, what care they are receiving, and how much it costs. Objectives: To describe commercially insured children who enrolled in hospice care during their last year of life and to examine differences across age-groups. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using 2005 to 2014 data from the MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database from Truven Health Analytics. Variables were created for demographics, health, utilization, and spending. Analyses included χ2 and analysis of variance tests of differences. Results: Among the 17 062 children who utilized hospice, 49% had a preferred provider organization (PPO). Hospice length of stay averaged less than 5 days. Over 80% of children visited their primary care physician. Eight percent had hospital readmissions, and 38% had emergency department (ED) visits. Average expenditures were US$3686 per month or US$44 232 annually. The most common condition for children less than 1 year was cardiovascular (21.96%). Neuromuscular conditions were the most frequent (7.89%) in children aged 1 to 5 years, while malignancies (10.53% and 11.32%, respectively) were prevalent in ages 6 to 14 and 15 to 17. Children less than 1 year had the highest frequency of hospital readmissions (16.25%) with the lowest ED visits (28.67%) while incurring the highest expenses (US$11 211/month). Conclusions: The findings suggest that commercially insured children, who enroll in hospice, have flexible coverage with a PPO. Hospital readmissions and ED visits were relatively low for a population who was seriously ill. There were significant age-group differences.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

March 2019 List

Collection

Citation

Lindley Lisa C; Cohrs A C; Keim-Malpass J; Leslie D L, “Children Enrolled in Hospice Care Under Commercial Insurance: A Comparison of Different Age Groups,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 27, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16105.

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