Predictors of Late Palliative Care Referral in Children with Cancer

Title

Predictors of Late Palliative Care Referral in Children with Cancer

Creator

Kaye EC; Jerkins J; Gushue CA; DeMarsh S; Sykes A; Lu Z; Snaman JM; Blazin L; Johnson LM; Levine DR; Morrison RR; Baker JN

Publisher

Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Date

2018

Subject

Child; Hematologic Neoplasms; Referral and Consultation; Palliative Care; pediatric oncology; Palliative care; early integration; Only Child; consultation; palliative oncology; timing

Description

CONTEXT: Early integration of palliative care (PC) in the management of children with high-risk cancer is widely endorsed by patients, families, clinicians, and national organizations. However, optimal timing for PC consultation is not standardized, and variables that influence timing of PC integration for children with cancer remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between demographic, disease, treatment, and end-of-life attributes and timing of PC consultation for children with high-risk cancer enrolled on a PC service. METHODS: A comprehensive standardized tool was used to abstract data from the medical records of 321 patients treated at a large academic pediatric cancer who died between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: Gender, race, ethnicity, enrollment on a phase I protocol, number of high-acuity hospitalizations, and receipt of cardiopulmonary resuscitation were not associated with timing of PC involvement. Patients with hematologic malignancy, those who received cancer-directed therapy during the last month of life, and those with advance directives documented </=1 week prior to death had higher odds of late PC referral (malignancy: OR 3.24, p=0.001; therapy: OR 4.65, p<0.001; directive: OR 4.81, p<0.0001). Patients who received hospice services had lower odds of late PC referral <30 days prior to death (OR 0.31, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Hematologic malignancy, cancer-directed therapy at the end of life, and delayed advance directives documentation are associated with late PC involvement in children who died with cancer. Identification of these variables affords opportunities to study targeted interventions to enhance access to earlier PC resources and services for children with high-risk cancer and their families.

Citation List Month

Oncology 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Kaye EC; Jerkins J; Gushue CA; DeMarsh S; Sykes A; Lu Z; Snaman JM; Blazin L; Johnson LM; Levine DR; Morrison RR; Baker JN, “Predictors of Late Palliative Care Referral in Children with Cancer,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 29, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16065.

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