Screening for Family Psychosocial Risk in Pediatric Cancer: Validation of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) Version 3

Title

Screening for Family Psychosocial Risk in Pediatric Cancer: Validation of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) Version 3

Creator

Kazak AE; Hwang W-T; Chen FF; Askins Martha A; Carlson O; Argueta-Ortiz F; Barakat Lamia P

Publisher

Journal of Pediatric Psychology

Date

2018

Description

ObjectiveFamily psychosocial risk screening is an important initial step in delivering evidence-based care. The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) is a brief parent report screener based on the trilevel Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health Model (PPPHM; Universal, Targeted, Clinical). The current article validates a revised PAT (version 3.0) in pediatric oncology that includes new items (for families of younger patients; clinically relevant risk items) and applicable to broad health literacy levels (a 4th grade reading level).MethodsPrimary caregivers of 394 children newly diagnosed with cancer participated in this multisite investigation, completing the PAT and validation measures using REDCap.ResultsThe original structure of the PAT, with seven subscales (Family Structure, Social Support, Child Problems, Sibling Problems, Family Problems, Stress Reactions, and Family Beliefs) was supported using a confirmatory factor analysis. Internal consistency for the total score (Kuder�Richardson 20 coefficient [KR20]?=?0.81) and the subscales (KR20?=?0.59�0.85) was moderate to strong. Moderate to strong correlations with the criteria measures provided validation for the total and subscale scores. The validation measures varied significantly, as expected, across the three levels of the PPPHM. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses showed that the PAT total and subscale scores can discriminate families above and below clinical thresholds.ConclusionsResults reinforce the psychometric properties of this approach for screening of family psychosocial risk. The PAT provides an evidence-based screener that identifies families at three levels of risk and can provide the basis for further evaluation and treatment of children with cancer and their families.

Citation List Month

Oncology 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Kazak AE; Hwang W-T; Chen FF; Askins Martha A; Carlson O; Argueta-Ortiz F; Barakat Lamia P, “Screening for Family Psychosocial Risk in Pediatric Cancer: Validation of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) Version 3,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 18, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/16066.