Ethnicity, race, and advance directives in an inpatient palliative care consultation service.

Title

Ethnicity, race, and advance directives in an inpatient palliative care consultation service.

Creator

Zaide GB; Pekmezaris R; Nouryan CN; Mir Tanveer P; Sison CP; Liberman T; Lesser ML; Cooper LB; Wolf-Klein GP

Publisher

Palliative & Supportive Care

Date

2013

Subject

Female; Humans; Male; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Cross-Cultural Comparison; Program Evaluation; Spirituality; 80 and over; decision making; DNAR; Resuscitation Orders; Advance Directives/eh [Ethnology]; Attitude to Death/eh [Ethnology]; Palliative Care/og [Organization & Administration]; Referral and Consultation/og [Organization & Administration]; Terminal Care/og [Organization & Administration]; African Americans/statistics & numerical data; Asian Continental Ancestry Group/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data]; European Continental Ancestry Group/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data]; Hispanic Americans/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data]; New York/ep [Epidemiology]

Description

OBJECTIVE: Although race and ethnic background are known to be important factors in the completion of advance directives, there is a dearth of literature specifically investigating the effect of race and ethnicity on advance directive completion rate after palliative care consultation (PCC)., METHOD: A chart review of all patients seen by the PCC service in an academic hospital over a 9-month period was performed. Data were compiled using gender, race, ethnicity, religion, and primary diagnosis. For this study, advance directives were defined as: "Do Not Resuscitate" (DNR) and/or "Do Not Intubate" (DNI)., RESULTS: Of the 400 medical records reviewed, 57% of patients were female and 71.3% documented their religion as Christian. The most common documented diagnosis was cancer (39.5%). Forty-seven percent reported their race as white. White patients completed more advance directives than did nonwhite patients both before (25.67% vs. 12.68%) and after (59.36% vs. 40.84%) PCC. There was a significantly higher proportion of whites who signed an advance directive after a PCC than of nonwhites (p = 0.021); of the 139 whites who did not have an advance directive at admission, 63 signed an advance directive after a PCC compared with 186/60 nonwhites (45% vs. 32%, respectively, p = 0.021). Further analysis revealed that African Americans differed from whites in the likelihood of advance directive execution rates pre-PCC, but not post-PCC., SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: This study demonstrates the impact of a PCC on the completion of advance directives, on both whites and nonwhites. The PCC Intervention significantly reduced differences between whites and African Americans in completing advance directives, which have been consistently documented in the end-of-life literature.
2013

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

5-11

Issue

1

Volume

11

Citation

Zaide GB; Pekmezaris R; Nouryan CN; Mir Tanveer P; Sison CP; Liberman T; Lesser ML; Cooper LB; Wolf-Klein GP, “Ethnicity, race, and advance directives in an inpatient palliative care consultation service.,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 26, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14740.

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